During flood events, river topography and fluvial habitats can change drastically, potentially affecting the ecological status. In case of multiple floods, whether each single event modifies the habitat characteristics in the same direction or not, is still an open question. We gathered high quality topographical data of one braided Alpine reach before, between and after multiple floods. Considering the full dynamics of the hydrological regime affected by hydropower production, we calculated water depth and flow velocities distributions for relevant discharge conditions using hydrodynamic modelling. We then calculated four ecological indicators related to habitat diversity, habitat quantity, habitat connectivity and stranding risk. Despite the consistent depositional morphological trend, the habitat diversity and stranding metrics returned to pre-floods values after an initial deviation. The habitat quantity and connectivity metrics did not show a clear trend towards an alternative state. Habitat prevalence varied seasonally and with hydropower water release, and also changed markedly between floods, possibly affecting species composition. We show the possible intrinsic variability in several ecological indicators which can aid in the management and restoration of river floodplains.

Quantifying Fluvial Habitat Changes Due to Multiple Subsequent Floods in a Braided Alpine Reach / van Rooijen, E.; Siviglia, A.; Vetsch, D. F.; Boes, R. M.; Vanzo, D.. - In: JOURNAL OF ECOHYDRAULICS. - ISSN 2470-5365. - 2022:(2022), pp. 1-21. [10.1080/24705357.2022.2105755]

Quantifying Fluvial Habitat Changes Due to Multiple Subsequent Floods in a Braided Alpine Reach

Siviglia A.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

During flood events, river topography and fluvial habitats can change drastically, potentially affecting the ecological status. In case of multiple floods, whether each single event modifies the habitat characteristics in the same direction or not, is still an open question. We gathered high quality topographical data of one braided Alpine reach before, between and after multiple floods. Considering the full dynamics of the hydrological regime affected by hydropower production, we calculated water depth and flow velocities distributions for relevant discharge conditions using hydrodynamic modelling. We then calculated four ecological indicators related to habitat diversity, habitat quantity, habitat connectivity and stranding risk. Despite the consistent depositional morphological trend, the habitat diversity and stranding metrics returned to pre-floods values after an initial deviation. The habitat quantity and connectivity metrics did not show a clear trend towards an alternative state. Habitat prevalence varied seasonally and with hydropower water release, and also changed markedly between floods, possibly affecting species composition. We show the possible intrinsic variability in several ecological indicators which can aid in the management and restoration of river floodplains.
2022
van Rooijen, E.; Siviglia, A.; Vetsch, D. F.; Boes, R. M.; Vanzo, D.
Quantifying Fluvial Habitat Changes Due to Multiple Subsequent Floods in a Braided Alpine Reach / van Rooijen, E.; Siviglia, A.; Vetsch, D. F.; Boes, R. M.; Vanzo, D.. - In: JOURNAL OF ECOHYDRAULICS. - ISSN 2470-5365. - 2022:(2022), pp. 1-21. [10.1080/24705357.2022.2105755]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/360182
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