Persisting tensions between high-redshift and low-redshift cosmological observations suggest the dark energy sector of the Universe might be more complex than the positive cosmological constant of the ΛCDM model. Motivated by string theory, wherein symmetry considerations make consistent AdS backgrounds (i.e., maximally-symmetric spacetimes with a negative cosmological constant) ubiquitous, we explore a scenario where the dark energy sector consists of two components: a negative cosmological constant, with a dark energy component with equation of state wΦ on top. We test the consistency of the model against low-redshift baryon acoustic oscillation and Type Ia supernovae distance measurements, assessing two alternative choices of distance anchors: the sound horizon at baryon drag determined by the Planck collaboration and the Hubble constant determined by the SH0ES program. We find no evidence for a negative cosmological constant and mild indications for an effective phantom dark energy component on top. A model comparison analysis reveals that the ΛCDM model is favoured over our negative cosmological constant model. While our results are inconclusive, should low-redshift tensions persist with future data, it would be worth reconsidering and further refining our toy negative cosmological constant model by considering realistic string constructions.

Revisiting a Negative Cosmological Constant from Low-Redshift Data / Visinelli, Luca; Vagnozzi, Sunny; Danielsson, Ulf. - In: SYMMETRY. - ISSN 2073-8994. - 11:8(2019), p. 1035. [10.3390/sym11081035]

Revisiting a Negative Cosmological Constant from Low-Redshift Data

Sunny Vagnozzi;
2019-01-01

Abstract

Persisting tensions between high-redshift and low-redshift cosmological observations suggest the dark energy sector of the Universe might be more complex than the positive cosmological constant of the ΛCDM model. Motivated by string theory, wherein symmetry considerations make consistent AdS backgrounds (i.e., maximally-symmetric spacetimes with a negative cosmological constant) ubiquitous, we explore a scenario where the dark energy sector consists of two components: a negative cosmological constant, with a dark energy component with equation of state wΦ on top. We test the consistency of the model against low-redshift baryon acoustic oscillation and Type Ia supernovae distance measurements, assessing two alternative choices of distance anchors: the sound horizon at baryon drag determined by the Planck collaboration and the Hubble constant determined by the SH0ES program. We find no evidence for a negative cosmological constant and mild indications for an effective phantom dark energy component on top. A model comparison analysis reveals that the ΛCDM model is favoured over our negative cosmological constant model. While our results are inconclusive, should low-redshift tensions persist with future data, it would be worth reconsidering and further refining our toy negative cosmological constant model by considering realistic string constructions.
2019
8
Visinelli, Luca; Vagnozzi, Sunny; Danielsson, Ulf
Revisiting a Negative Cosmological Constant from Low-Redshift Data / Visinelli, Luca; Vagnozzi, Sunny; Danielsson, Ulf. - In: SYMMETRY. - ISSN 2073-8994. - 11:8(2019), p. 1035. [10.3390/sym11081035]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/360136
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