High-entropy oxides with rock salt structure represent an attractive class of materials with intriguing functional properties. Nevertheless, some elements in their composition, like Ni, represent a relevant threat to human health including also possible mutagenic effects. Herein, we develop the first Ni-free high entropy rock salt by replacing nickel with manganese. (Mg, Co, Mn, Cu, Zn)O powders were produced by co-precipitation and doped with different amounts of Li2O. Lithium stabilizes the rock salt, causing a substantial reduction of secondary phases, like Mn-rich spinel that forms during the thermal treatment. Samples with high density and good phase purity can be successfully obtained by annealing at 1200 °C for 0.5 h, longer treatments leading to Li sublimation and formation of secondary phases. We show that the Mn substitution is effective in preserving the electrical properties of the high entropy solution. The materials present fast Li-ion conduction with conductivity above 10−3 S cm−1 and stable properties up to 80 °C.

Ni-free high-entropy rock salt oxides with Li superionic conductivity / Biesuz, Mattia; Chen, Jixi; Bortolotti, Mauro; Speranza, Giorgio; Esposito, Vincenzo; Sglavo, Vincenzo M.. - In: JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY. A. - ISSN 2050-7488. - 10:44(2022), pp. 23603-23616. [10.1039/D2TA06101E]

Ni-free high-entropy rock salt oxides with Li superionic conductivity

Biesuz, Mattia
Primo
;
Bortolotti, Mauro;Sglavo, Vincenzo M.
Ultimo
2022-01-01

Abstract

High-entropy oxides with rock salt structure represent an attractive class of materials with intriguing functional properties. Nevertheless, some elements in their composition, like Ni, represent a relevant threat to human health including also possible mutagenic effects. Herein, we develop the first Ni-free high entropy rock salt by replacing nickel with manganese. (Mg, Co, Mn, Cu, Zn)O powders were produced by co-precipitation and doped with different amounts of Li2O. Lithium stabilizes the rock salt, causing a substantial reduction of secondary phases, like Mn-rich spinel that forms during the thermal treatment. Samples with high density and good phase purity can be successfully obtained by annealing at 1200 °C for 0.5 h, longer treatments leading to Li sublimation and formation of secondary phases. We show that the Mn substitution is effective in preserving the electrical properties of the high entropy solution. The materials present fast Li-ion conduction with conductivity above 10−3 S cm−1 and stable properties up to 80 °C.
2022
44
Biesuz, Mattia; Chen, Jixi; Bortolotti, Mauro; Speranza, Giorgio; Esposito, Vincenzo; Sglavo, Vincenzo M.
Ni-free high-entropy rock salt oxides with Li superionic conductivity / Biesuz, Mattia; Chen, Jixi; Bortolotti, Mauro; Speranza, Giorgio; Esposito, Vincenzo; Sglavo, Vincenzo M.. - In: JOURNAL OF MATERIALS CHEMISTRY. A. - ISSN 2050-7488. - 10:44(2022), pp. 23603-23616. [10.1039/D2TA06101E]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/357482
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