NOC1 is a nucleolar protein necessary in yeast for both transport and maturation of ribosomal subunits. Here, we show that Drosophila NOC1 is necessary for rRNAs maturation and for a correct animal development. Its ubiquitous downregulation results in a dramatic decrease in polysome level and of protein synthesis. NOC1 expression in multiple organs, such as the prothoracic gland and the fat body, is necessary for their proper functioning. Reduction of NOC1 in epithelial cells from the imaginal discs results in clones that die by apoptosis, an event that is partially rescued in a M/+ background, suggesting that reduction of NOC1 induces the cells to become less fitted and to acquire a loser state. NOC1 downregulation activates the pro-apoptotic eiger-JNK pathway and leads to an increase of Xrp1 that results in Dilp8 upregulation. These data underline NOC1 as an essential gene in ribosome biogenesis and highlight its novel functions in the control of growth and cell competition.

Reduction of nucleolar NOC1 accumulates pre-rRNAs and induces Xrp1 affecting growth and resulting in cell competition / Destefanis, Francesca; Manara, Valeria; Santarelli, Stefania; Zola, Sheri; Brambilla, Marco; Viola, Giacomo; Maragno, Paola; Signoria, Ilaria; Viero, Gabriella; Pasini, Maria Enrica; Penzo, Marianna; Bellosta, Paola. - In: JOURNAL OF CELL SCIENCE. - ISSN 0021-9533. - 2022, 132:23(2022), pp. 1-14. [10.1242/jcs.260110]

Reduction of nucleolar NOC1 accumulates pre-rRNAs and induces Xrp1 affecting growth and resulting in cell competition

Destefanis, Francesca;Manara, Valeria;Santarelli, Stefania;Viero, Gabriella;Bellosta, Paola
2022-01-01

Abstract

NOC1 is a nucleolar protein necessary in yeast for both transport and maturation of ribosomal subunits. Here, we show that Drosophila NOC1 is necessary for rRNAs maturation and for a correct animal development. Its ubiquitous downregulation results in a dramatic decrease in polysome level and of protein synthesis. NOC1 expression in multiple organs, such as the prothoracic gland and the fat body, is necessary for their proper functioning. Reduction of NOC1 in epithelial cells from the imaginal discs results in clones that die by apoptosis, an event that is partially rescued in a M/+ background, suggesting that reduction of NOC1 induces the cells to become less fitted and to acquire a loser state. NOC1 downregulation activates the pro-apoptotic eiger-JNK pathway and leads to an increase of Xrp1 that results in Dilp8 upregulation. These data underline NOC1 as an essential gene in ribosome biogenesis and highlight its novel functions in the control of growth and cell competition.
2022
23
Destefanis, Francesca; Manara, Valeria; Santarelli, Stefania; Zola, Sheri; Brambilla, Marco; Viola, Giacomo; Maragno, Paola; Signoria, Ilaria; Viero, Gabriella; Pasini, Maria Enrica; Penzo, Marianna; Bellosta, Paola
Reduction of nucleolar NOC1 accumulates pre-rRNAs and induces Xrp1 affecting growth and resulting in cell competition / Destefanis, Francesca; Manara, Valeria; Santarelli, Stefania; Zola, Sheri; Brambilla, Marco; Viola, Giacomo; Maragno, Paola; Signoria, Ilaria; Viero, Gabriella; Pasini, Maria Enrica; Penzo, Marianna; Bellosta, Paola. - In: JOURNAL OF CELL SCIENCE. - ISSN 0021-9533. - 2022, 132:23(2022), pp. 1-14. [10.1242/jcs.260110]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/356621
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