Change detection is a long-standing and challenging problem in remote sensing. Very often, features about changes are difficult to model beforehand, thus making the collection of changed samples a challenging task. In comparison, it is much easier to collect numerous no-change samples. It is possible to define a change detection approach using only easily available annotated no-change samples, which we henceforth call one-class change detection. Autoencoder networks being trained on no-change data are natural candidates for addressing this task due to their superior performance when compared with other one-class classification models. However, the autoencoders usually suffer from the problem of overgeneralization, i.e., they tend to generalize too well, thus risking properly reconstructing changed samples. In this article, we propose a novel data-enclosing-ball minimizing autoencoder (DebM-AE) that is trained with dual objectives—a reconstruction error criterion and a minimum volume criterion. The network learns a compact latent space, where encodings of no-change samples have low intraclass variance, which as counterpart has the identification of changed instances. We conducted extensive experiments on three real-world datasets. Results demonstrate advantages of the proposed method over other competitors. We make our data and code publicly available ( https://gitlab.lrz.de/ai4eo/reasoning/DebM-AE; https://github.com/lcmou/DebM-AE ).

Detecting Changes by Learning No Changes: Data-enclosing-ball Minimizing Autoencoders for One-class Change Detection in Multispectral Imagery / Mou, L.; Hua, Y.; Saha, S.; Bovolo, F.; Bruzzone, L.; Zhu, X. X.. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING. - ISSN 1558-0644. - 60:(2022), pp. 562971601-562971616. [10.1109/TGRS.2022.3200985]

Detecting Changes by Learning No Changes: Data-enclosing-ball Minimizing Autoencoders for One-class Change Detection in Multispectral Imagery

Saha S.;Bovolo F.;Bruzzone L.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Change detection is a long-standing and challenging problem in remote sensing. Very often, features about changes are difficult to model beforehand, thus making the collection of changed samples a challenging task. In comparison, it is much easier to collect numerous no-change samples. It is possible to define a change detection approach using only easily available annotated no-change samples, which we henceforth call one-class change detection. Autoencoder networks being trained on no-change data are natural candidates for addressing this task due to their superior performance when compared with other one-class classification models. However, the autoencoders usually suffer from the problem of overgeneralization, i.e., they tend to generalize too well, thus risking properly reconstructing changed samples. In this article, we propose a novel data-enclosing-ball minimizing autoencoder (DebM-AE) that is trained with dual objectives—a reconstruction error criterion and a minimum volume criterion. The network learns a compact latent space, where encodings of no-change samples have low intraclass variance, which as counterpart has the identification of changed instances. We conducted extensive experiments on three real-world datasets. Results demonstrate advantages of the proposed method over other competitors. We make our data and code publicly available ( https://gitlab.lrz.de/ai4eo/reasoning/DebM-AE; https://github.com/lcmou/DebM-AE ).
Mou, L.; Hua, Y.; Saha, S.; Bovolo, F.; Bruzzone, L.; Zhu, X. X.
Detecting Changes by Learning No Changes: Data-enclosing-ball Minimizing Autoencoders for One-class Change Detection in Multispectral Imagery / Mou, L.; Hua, Y.; Saha, S.; Bovolo, F.; Bruzzone, L.; Zhu, X. X.. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING. - ISSN 1558-0644. - 60:(2022), pp. 562971601-562971616. [10.1109/TGRS.2022.3200985]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/354885
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