In this article, we present a flow-based framework for multi-modal trajectory prediction, which is able to provide an accurate and explicit inference of the latent representations on trajectory data. Differently from other typical generative models (such as GAN, VAE, etc.), the flow-based models aim at learning data distribution explicitly through an invertible network, which can convert a complicated distribution into a tractable form via invertible transformations. The whole framework is built upon the standard encoder–decoder architecture, where the LSTM is exploited as the fundamental block to capture the temporal structure of a trajectory. As a core module, we incorporate an invertible network that can learn the multi-modal distributions of trajectory data and further generate plausible future paths by sampling tricks from the standard Gaussian distribution. Extensive experiments carried out on synthetic and realistic datasets demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach, and show the advantages as compared to the GAN-based and the VAE-based prediction frameworks.

Human trajectory forecasting using a flow-based generative model / Zhang, B.; Wang, T.; Zhou, C.; Conci, N.; Liu, H.. - In: ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE. - ISSN 0952-1976. - 115:(2022), pp. 10523601-10523610. [10.1016/j.engappai.2022.105236]

Human trajectory forecasting using a flow-based generative model

Zhang B.;Conci N.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

In this article, we present a flow-based framework for multi-modal trajectory prediction, which is able to provide an accurate and explicit inference of the latent representations on trajectory data. Differently from other typical generative models (such as GAN, VAE, etc.), the flow-based models aim at learning data distribution explicitly through an invertible network, which can convert a complicated distribution into a tractable form via invertible transformations. The whole framework is built upon the standard encoder–decoder architecture, where the LSTM is exploited as the fundamental block to capture the temporal structure of a trajectory. As a core module, we incorporate an invertible network that can learn the multi-modal distributions of trajectory data and further generate plausible future paths by sampling tricks from the standard Gaussian distribution. Extensive experiments carried out on synthetic and realistic datasets demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach, and show the advantages as compared to the GAN-based and the VAE-based prediction frameworks.
2022
Zhang, B.; Wang, T.; Zhou, C.; Conci, N.; Liu, H.
Human trajectory forecasting using a flow-based generative model / Zhang, B.; Wang, T.; Zhou, C.; Conci, N.; Liu, H.. - In: ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE. - ISSN 0952-1976. - 115:(2022), pp. 10523601-10523610. [10.1016/j.engappai.2022.105236]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/354570
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