Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive technique that can transiently interfere with local cortical functioning, thus enabling inferences of causal left AG involvement in higher functions from experimentation with healthy participants. Here, we examine 35 studies that measure behavioural outcomes soon after or during targeting TMS to the left AG, by design and as documented by individual magnetic resonance images, in healthy adult participants. The reviewed evidence suggests a specific causal involvement of the left AG in a wide range of tasks involving language, memory, number processing, visuospatial attention, body awareness and motor planning functions. These core findings are particularly valuable to inform theoretical models of the left AG role(s) in higher functions, due to the anatomical specificity afforded by the selected studies and the complementarity of TMS to different methods of investigation. In particular, the variety of the operations within and between functions in which the left AG appears to be causally involved poses a formidable challenge to any attempts to identify a single computational process subserved by the left AG (as opposed to just outlining a broad type of functional contribution) that could apply across thematic areas. We conclude by highlighting directions for improvement in future experimentation with TMS, in order to strengthen the available evidence, while taking into account the anatomical heterogeneity of this brain region.

Causal involvement of the left angular gyrus in higher functions as revealed by transcranial magnetic stimulation: a systematic review / Wagner, Jennifer; Rusconi, Elena. - In: BRAIN STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION. - ISSN 1863-2653. - 228:1(2022), pp. 169-196. [10.1007/s00429-022-02576-w]

Causal involvement of the left angular gyrus in higher functions as revealed by transcranial magnetic stimulation: a systematic review

Wagner, Jennifer;Rusconi, Elena
2022-01-01

Abstract

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive technique that can transiently interfere with local cortical functioning, thus enabling inferences of causal left AG involvement in higher functions from experimentation with healthy participants. Here, we examine 35 studies that measure behavioural outcomes soon after or during targeting TMS to the left AG, by design and as documented by individual magnetic resonance images, in healthy adult participants. The reviewed evidence suggests a specific causal involvement of the left AG in a wide range of tasks involving language, memory, number processing, visuospatial attention, body awareness and motor planning functions. These core findings are particularly valuable to inform theoretical models of the left AG role(s) in higher functions, due to the anatomical specificity afforded by the selected studies and the complementarity of TMS to different methods of investigation. In particular, the variety of the operations within and between functions in which the left AG appears to be causally involved poses a formidable challenge to any attempts to identify a single computational process subserved by the left AG (as opposed to just outlining a broad type of functional contribution) that could apply across thematic areas. We conclude by highlighting directions for improvement in future experimentation with TMS, in order to strengthen the available evidence, while taking into account the anatomical heterogeneity of this brain region.
2022
1
Wagner, Jennifer; Rusconi, Elena
Causal involvement of the left angular gyrus in higher functions as revealed by transcranial magnetic stimulation: a systematic review / Wagner, Jennifer; Rusconi, Elena. - In: BRAIN STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION. - ISSN 1863-2653. - 228:1(2022), pp. 169-196. [10.1007/s00429-022-02576-w]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/353981
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