Spaceborne radar sounders are high frequency (HF)/very high frequency (VHF) nadir-looking sensors devoted to subsurface investigations. Their data interpretation can be severely hindered by off-nadir surface clutter. Recent literature showed that the clutter suppression capabilities of this class of systems can be greatly enhanced by deploying an array of orbiting sensors in formation flight synthesizing a narrow radar antenna beam. In this article, we assess the capability of distributed radar sounding to discriminate clutter from subsurface returns by exploiting direction of arrival (DOA) estimation techniques. This is achieved by first outlining an approach for designing and evaluating the distributed radar sounder DOA estimation performance as function of the radar system parameters (e.g., intersensor distance) and external noise factors such as ionospheric scintillations. Then, the theory is complemented by radar simulations of several acquisitions over Greenland assuming a variety of subsurface geometries. The simulations confirm that clutter discrimination through DOA estimation is a viable approach to further improve the array capability in disambiguation of subsurface echoes from surface ones.

Clutter Reduction by Estimation of Echoes Direction of Arrival in Distributed Radar Sounders in Formation Flying / Carrer, L.; Thakur, S.; Sericati, L.; Bruzzone, L.. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING. - ISSN 1558-0644. - 60:(2022), pp. 511671301-511671313. [10.1109/TGRS.2022.3195644]

Clutter Reduction by Estimation of Echoes Direction of Arrival in Distributed Radar Sounders in Formation Flying

Carrer L.;Thakur S.;Bruzzone L.
2022

Abstract

Spaceborne radar sounders are high frequency (HF)/very high frequency (VHF) nadir-looking sensors devoted to subsurface investigations. Their data interpretation can be severely hindered by off-nadir surface clutter. Recent literature showed that the clutter suppression capabilities of this class of systems can be greatly enhanced by deploying an array of orbiting sensors in formation flight synthesizing a narrow radar antenna beam. In this article, we assess the capability of distributed radar sounding to discriminate clutter from subsurface returns by exploiting direction of arrival (DOA) estimation techniques. This is achieved by first outlining an approach for designing and evaluating the distributed radar sounder DOA estimation performance as function of the radar system parameters (e.g., intersensor distance) and external noise factors such as ionospheric scintillations. Then, the theory is complemented by radar simulations of several acquisitions over Greenland assuming a variety of subsurface geometries. The simulations confirm that clutter discrimination through DOA estimation is a viable approach to further improve the array capability in disambiguation of subsurface echoes from surface ones.
Carrer, L.; Thakur, S.; Sericati, L.; Bruzzone, L.
Clutter Reduction by Estimation of Echoes Direction of Arrival in Distributed Radar Sounders in Formation Flying / Carrer, L.; Thakur, S.; Sericati, L.; Bruzzone, L.. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING. - ISSN 1558-0644. - 60:(2022), pp. 511671301-511671313. [10.1109/TGRS.2022.3195644]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/353002
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