For the first time we report the ability of the CLLB scintillator to detect and discriminate fast neutrons (2-10 MeV energy range) from gamma-rays and thermal neutrons, using a digital pulse shape discrimination technique. Firstly, we conducted measurements in single mode with an Am-Be source, unshielded and shielded, and we tagged a new cluster of events as the fast neutron-induced zone. The Figure of Merit obtained for the fast neutron/gamma discrimination was 1.1. Then, in order to better characterize these new cluster of events induced by fast neutrons, we conducted measurements in coincidence mode. We used a mono-energetic pulsed neutron source, at the Van de Graaff accelerator facility at the Legnaro National Laboratories (INFN-LNL, Legnaro-Italy), and also, a continuous neutron spectrum (using a 252 Cf source). Combining all experimental results with a Monte Carlo model of the CLLB detector, built using the GEANT4 tool kit, it was possible to obtain the light output function of 7 Li ions in the CLLB crystal (dL/dE = κ; κ = 0.36 ± 0.02). Moreover, the intrinsic fast neutron efficiency was modeled by Monte Carlo, obtaining similar values 1.5-2 % for neutrons between 2 MeV and 10 MeV. Finally, an application of this new feature, in the field of nuclear security and nuclear safeguards, is given.

Evidence of Fast Neutron Detection Capability of the Cllb Scintillation Detector / Pino Andrades, Felix Eduardo; Polo, Matteo; Delgado, Jessica Carolina; Mantovani, Giorgia; Carturan, Sara Maria; Fabris, Daniela; Brunelli, Davide; Pancheri, Lucio; Quaranta, Alberto; Moretto, Sandra. - In: RADIATION PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0969-806X. - 202:(2023), pp. 110494.1-110494.8. [10.1016/j.radphyschem.2022.110494]

Evidence of Fast Neutron Detection Capability of the Cllb Scintillation Detector

Brunelli, Davide;Pancheri, Lucio;Quaranta, Alberto;
2023-01-01

Abstract

For the first time we report the ability of the CLLB scintillator to detect and discriminate fast neutrons (2-10 MeV energy range) from gamma-rays and thermal neutrons, using a digital pulse shape discrimination technique. Firstly, we conducted measurements in single mode with an Am-Be source, unshielded and shielded, and we tagged a new cluster of events as the fast neutron-induced zone. The Figure of Merit obtained for the fast neutron/gamma discrimination was 1.1. Then, in order to better characterize these new cluster of events induced by fast neutrons, we conducted measurements in coincidence mode. We used a mono-energetic pulsed neutron source, at the Van de Graaff accelerator facility at the Legnaro National Laboratories (INFN-LNL, Legnaro-Italy), and also, a continuous neutron spectrum (using a 252 Cf source). Combining all experimental results with a Monte Carlo model of the CLLB detector, built using the GEANT4 tool kit, it was possible to obtain the light output function of 7 Li ions in the CLLB crystal (dL/dE = κ; κ = 0.36 ± 0.02). Moreover, the intrinsic fast neutron efficiency was modeled by Monte Carlo, obtaining similar values 1.5-2 % for neutrons between 2 MeV and 10 MeV. Finally, an application of this new feature, in the field of nuclear security and nuclear safeguards, is given.
2023
Pino Andrades, Felix Eduardo; Polo, Matteo; Delgado, Jessica Carolina; Mantovani, Giorgia; Carturan, Sara Maria; Fabris, Daniela; Brunelli, Davide; Pancheri, Lucio; Quaranta, Alberto; Moretto, Sandra
Evidence of Fast Neutron Detection Capability of the Cllb Scintillation Detector / Pino Andrades, Felix Eduardo; Polo, Matteo; Delgado, Jessica Carolina; Mantovani, Giorgia; Carturan, Sara Maria; Fabris, Daniela; Brunelli, Davide; Pancheri, Lucio; Quaranta, Alberto; Moretto, Sandra. - In: RADIATION PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0969-806X. - 202:(2023), pp. 110494.1-110494.8. [10.1016/j.radphyschem.2022.110494]
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