Graphite is a fascinating material with unique properties, thus making it irreplaceable for a wide range of applications. However, its current processing route is highly energy demanding as it requires dwelling for several hours at high temperatures (2500-3000°C). We report on the near full consolidation (relative density greater than 95%) at room temperature of graphite flakes under a mild uniaxial or isostatic pressure (100-500 MPa). The application of an external pressure promoted the formation of van der Walls bonds between the flakes, and the consolidation (pore removal) was mostly achieved by interplanar slipping. Despite the room temperature processing, with embodied energy below 1 MJ/kg, the resulting compact had in plane electrical and thermal conductivities as high as 0.77106 S/m and 620 W/m·K (exceeding commercial isotropic graphite ≈0.09106 S/m and 120 W/m·K). The bulks were thermally stable up to 1800°C. Because of the reversible nature on the van der Walls bonding, the cold pressed pellets were fully recyclable (i.e., easily milled and re-shaped) with a mild degradation of the electrical conductivity from 0.77 to 0.19106 S/m after ten cycles.

Ultra-low energy processing of graphite: a fast-track journey towards carbon neutrality / Dai, Z.; Cong, L.; Zuo, F.; Biesuz, M.; Chen, K.; Bertolotti, M.; Kermani, M.; Yong, L.; Tyrpekl, V.; Hu, C.; Boi, F.; Lin, H. -T.; Reece, M.; Grasso, S.. - In: APPLIED MATERIALS TODAY. - ISSN 2352-9407. - 29:(2022), p. 101594. [10.1016/j.apmt.2022.101594]

Ultra-low energy processing of graphite: a fast-track journey towards carbon neutrality

Biesuz M.;
2022

Abstract

Graphite is a fascinating material with unique properties, thus making it irreplaceable for a wide range of applications. However, its current processing route is highly energy demanding as it requires dwelling for several hours at high temperatures (2500-3000°C). We report on the near full consolidation (relative density greater than 95%) at room temperature of graphite flakes under a mild uniaxial or isostatic pressure (100-500 MPa). The application of an external pressure promoted the formation of van der Walls bonds between the flakes, and the consolidation (pore removal) was mostly achieved by interplanar slipping. Despite the room temperature processing, with embodied energy below 1 MJ/kg, the resulting compact had in plane electrical and thermal conductivities as high as 0.77106 S/m and 620 W/m·K (exceeding commercial isotropic graphite ≈0.09106 S/m and 120 W/m·K). The bulks were thermally stable up to 1800°C. Because of the reversible nature on the van der Walls bonding, the cold pressed pellets were fully recyclable (i.e., easily milled and re-shaped) with a mild degradation of the electrical conductivity from 0.77 to 0.19106 S/m after ten cycles.
Dai, Z.; Cong, L.; Zuo, F.; Biesuz, M.; Chen, K.; Bertolotti, M.; Kermani, M.; Yong, L.; Tyrpekl, V.; Hu, C.; Boi, F.; Lin, H. -T.; Reece, M.; Grasso, S.
Ultra-low energy processing of graphite: a fast-track journey towards carbon neutrality / Dai, Z.; Cong, L.; Zuo, F.; Biesuz, M.; Chen, K.; Bertolotti, M.; Kermani, M.; Yong, L.; Tyrpekl, V.; Hu, C.; Boi, F.; Lin, H. -T.; Reece, M.; Grasso, S.. - In: APPLIED MATERIALS TODAY. - ISSN 2352-9407. - 29:(2022), p. 101594. [10.1016/j.apmt.2022.101594]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/352645
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