The latitudinal diversity gradient (LDG) is one of the most recognized global patterns of species richness exhibited across a wide range of taxa. Numerous hypotheses have been proposed in the past two centuries to explain LDG, but rigorous tests of the drivers of LDGs have been limited by a lack of high-quality global species richness data. Here we produce a high-resolution (0.025° × 0.025°) map of local tree species richness using a global forest inventory database with individual tree information and local biophysical characteristics from ~1.3 million sample plots. We then quantify drivers of local tree species richness patterns across latitudes. Generally, annual mean temperature was a dominant predictor of tree species richness, which is most consistent with the metabolic theory of biodiversity (MTB). However, MTB underestimated LDG in the tropics, where high species richness was also moderated by topographic, soil and anthropogenic factors operating at local scales. Given that local landscape variables operate synergistically with bioclimatic factors in shaping the global LDG pattern, we suggest that MTB be extended to account for co-limitation by subordinate drivers.

Co-limitation towards Lower Latitudes Shapes Global Forest Diversity Gradients / Liang, Jingjing; Gamarra, Javier G. P.; Picard, Nicolas; Zhou, Mo; Pijanowski, Bryan; Jacobs, Douglass F.; Reich, Peter B.; Crowther, Thomas W.; Nabuurs, Gert-Jan; de-Miguel, Sergio; Fang, Jingyun; Woodall, Christopher W.; Svenning, Jens-Christian; Jucker, Tommaso; Bastin, Jean-Francois; Wiser, Susan K.; Slik, Ferry; Hérault, Bruno; Alberti, Giorgio; Keppel, Gunnar; Hengeveld, Geerten M.; Ibisch, Pierre L.; Silva, Carlos A.; ter Steege, Hans; Peri, Pablo L.; Coomes, David A.; Searle, Eric B.; von Gadow, Klaus; Jaroszewicz, Bogdan; Abbasi, Akane O.; Abegg, Meinrad; Yao, Yves C. Adou; Aguirre-Gutiérrez, Jesús; Zambrano, Angelica M. Almeyda; Altman, Jan; Alvarez-Dávila, Esteban; Álvarez-González, Juan Gabriel; Alves, Luciana F.; Amani, Bienvenu H. K.; Amani, Christian A.; Ammer, Christian; Ilondea, Bhely Angoboy; Antón-Fernández, Clara; Avitabile, Valerio; Aymard, Gerardo A.; Azihou, Akomian F.; Baard, Johan A.; Baker, Timothy R.; Balazy, Radomir; Bastian, Meredith L.; Batumike, Rodrigue; Bauters, Marijn; Beeckman, Hans; Benu, Nithanel Mikael Hendrik; Bitariho, Robert; Boeckx, Pascal; Bogaert, Jan; Bongers, Frans; Bouriaud, Olivier; Brancalion, Pedro H. S.; Brandl, Susanne; Brearley, Francis Q.; Briseno-Reyes, Jaime; Broadbent, Eben N.; Bruelheide, Helge; Bulte, Erwin; Catlin, Ann Christine; Cazzolla Gatti, Roberto; César, Ricardo G.; Chen, Han Y. H.; Chisholm, Chelsea; Cienciala, Emil; Colletta, Gabriel D.; Corral-Rivas, José Javier; Cuchietti, Anibal; Cuni-Sanchez, Aida; Dar, Javid A.; Dayanandan, Selvadurai; de Haulleville, Thales; Decuyper, Mathieu; Delabye, Sylvain; Derroire, Géraldine; Devries, Ben; Diisi, John; Do, Tran Van; Dolezal, Jiri; Dourdain, Aurélie; Durrheim, Graham P.; Obiang, Nestor Laurier Engone; Ewango, Corneille E. N.; Eyre, Teresa J.; Fayle, Tom M.; Feunang, Lethicia Flavine N.; Finér, Leena; Fischer, Markus; Fridman, Jonas; Frizzera, Lorenzo; de Gasper, André L.; Gianelle, Damiano; Glick, Henry B.; Gonzalez-Elizondo, Maria Socorro; Gorenstein, Lev; Habonayo, Richard; Hardy, Olivier J.; Harris, David J.; Hector, Andrew; Hemp, Andreas; Herold, Martin; Hillers, Annika; Hubau, Wannes; Ibanez, Thomas; Imai, Nobuo; Imani, Gerard; Jagodzinski, Andrzej M.; Janecek, Stepan; Johannsen, Vivian Kvist; Joly, Carlos A.; Jumbam, Blaise; Kabelong, Banoho L. P. R.; Kahsay, Goytom Abraha; Karminov, Viktor; Kartawinata, Kuswata; Kassi, Justin N.; Kearsley, Elizabeth; Kennard, Deborah K.; Kepfer-Rojas, Sebastian; Khan, Mohammed Latif; Kigomo, John N.; Kim, Hyun Seok; Klauberg, Carine; Klomberg, Yannick; Korjus, Henn; Kothandaraman, Subashree; Kraxner, Florian; Kumar, Amit; Kuswandi, Relawan; Lang, Mait; Lawes, Michael J.; Leite, Rodrigo V.; Lentner, Geoffrey; Lewis, Simon L.; Libalah, Moses B.; Lisingo, Janvier; López-Serrano, Pablito Marcelo; Lu, Huicui; Lukina, Natalia V.; Lykke, Anne Mette; Maicher, Vincent; Maitner, Brian S.; Marcon, Eric; Marshall, Andrew R.; Martin, Emanuel H.; Martynenko, Olga; Mbayu, Faustin M.; Mbuvi, Musingo T. E.; Meave, Jorge A.; Merow, Cory; Miscicki, Stanislaw; Moreno, Vanessa S.; Morera, Albert; Mukul, Sharif A.; Müller, Jörg C.; Murdjoko, Agustinus; Nava-Miranda, Maria Guadalupe; Ndive, Litonga Elias; Neldner, Victor J.; Nevenic, Radovan V.; Nforbelie, Louis N.; Ngoh, Michael L.; N’Guessan, Anny E.; Ngugi, Michael R.; Ngute, Alain S. K.; Njila, Emile Narcisse N.; Nyako, Melanie C.; Ochuodho, Thomas O.; Oleksyn, Jacek; Paquette, Alain; Parfenova, Elena I.; Park, Minjee; Parren, Marc; Parthasarathy, Narayanaswamy; Pfautsch, Sebastian; Phillips, Oliver L.; Piedade, Maria T. F.; Piotto, Daniel; Pollastrini, Martina; Poorter, Lourens; Poulsen, John R.; Poulsen, Axel Dalberg; Pretzsch, Hans; Rodeghiero, Mirco; Rolim, Samir G.; Rovero, Francesco; Rutishauser, Ervan; Sagheb-Talebi, Khosro; Saikia, Purabi; Sainge, Moses Nsanyi; Salas-Eljatib, Christian; Salis, Antonello; Schall, Peter; Schepaschenko, Dmitry; Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael; Schmid, Bernhard; Schöngart, Jochen; Šebeň, Vladimír; Sellan, Giacomo; Selvi, Federico; Serra-Diaz, Josep M.; Sheil, Douglas; Shvidenko, Anatoly Z.; Sist, Plinio; Souza, Alexandre F.; Stereńczak, Krzysztof J.; Sullivan, Martin J. P.; Sundarapandian, Somaiah; Svoboda, Miroslav; Swaine, Mike D.; Targhetta, Natalia; Tchebakova, Nadja; Trethowan, Liam A.; Tropek, Robert; Mukendi, John Tshibamba; Umunay, Peter Mbanda; Usoltsev, Vladimir A.; Vaglio Laurin, Gaia; Valentini, Riccardo; Valladares, Fernando; van der Plas, Fons; Vega-Nieva, Daniel José; Verbeeck, Hans; Viana, Helder; Vibrans, Alexander C.; Vieira, Simone A.; Vleminckx, Jason; Waite, Catherine E.; Wang, Hua-Feng; Wasingya, Eric Katembo; Wekesa, Chemuku; Westerlund, Bertil; Wittmann, Florian; Wortel, Verginia; Zawiła-Niedźwiecki, Tomasz; Zhang, Chunyu; Zhao, Xiuhai; Zhu, Jun; Zhu, Xiao; Zhu, Zhi-Xin; Zo-Bi, Irie C.; Hui, Cang. - In: NATURE ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION. - ISSN 2397-334X. - 2022:(2022). [10.1038/s41559-022-01831-x]

Co-limitation towards Lower Latitudes Shapes Global Forest Diversity Gradients

Kumar, Amit;Rodeghiero, Mirco;
2022

Abstract

The latitudinal diversity gradient (LDG) is one of the most recognized global patterns of species richness exhibited across a wide range of taxa. Numerous hypotheses have been proposed in the past two centuries to explain LDG, but rigorous tests of the drivers of LDGs have been limited by a lack of high-quality global species richness data. Here we produce a high-resolution (0.025° × 0.025°) map of local tree species richness using a global forest inventory database with individual tree information and local biophysical characteristics from ~1.3 million sample plots. We then quantify drivers of local tree species richness patterns across latitudes. Generally, annual mean temperature was a dominant predictor of tree species richness, which is most consistent with the metabolic theory of biodiversity (MTB). However, MTB underestimated LDG in the tropics, where high species richness was also moderated by topographic, soil and anthropogenic factors operating at local scales. Given that local landscape variables operate synergistically with bioclimatic factors in shaping the global LDG pattern, we suggest that MTB be extended to account for co-limitation by subordinate drivers.
Liang, Jingjing; Gamarra, Javier G. P.; Picard, Nicolas; Zhou, Mo; Pijanowski, Bryan; Jacobs, Douglass F.; Reich, Peter B.; Crowther, Thomas W.; Nabuurs, Gert-Jan; de-Miguel, Sergio; Fang, Jingyun; Woodall, Christopher W.; Svenning, Jens-Christian; Jucker, Tommaso; Bastin, Jean-Francois; Wiser, Susan K.; Slik, Ferry; Hérault, Bruno; Alberti, Giorgio; Keppel, Gunnar; Hengeveld, Geerten M.; Ibisch, Pierre L.; Silva, Carlos A.; ter Steege, Hans; Peri, Pablo L.; Coomes, David A.; Searle, Eric B.; von Gadow, Klaus; Jaroszewicz, Bogdan; Abbasi, Akane O.; Abegg, Meinrad; Yao, Yves C. Adou; Aguirre-Gutiérrez, Jesús; Zambrano, Angelica M. Almeyda; Altman, Jan; Alvarez-Dávila, Esteban; Álvarez-González, Juan Gabriel; Alves, Luciana F.; Amani, Bienvenu H. K.; Amani, Christian A.; Ammer, Christian; Ilondea, Bhely Angoboy; Antón-Fernández, Clara; Avitabile, Valerio; Aymard, Gerardo A.; Azihou, Akomian F.; Baard, Johan A.; Baker, Timothy R.; Balazy, Radomir; Bastian, Meredith L.; Batumike, Rodrigue; Bauters, Marijn; Beeckman, Hans; Benu, Nithanel Mikael Hendrik; Bitariho, Robert; Boeckx, Pascal; Bogaert, Jan; Bongers, Frans; Bouriaud, Olivier; Brancalion, Pedro H. S.; Brandl, Susanne; Brearley, Francis Q.; Briseno-Reyes, Jaime; Broadbent, Eben N.; Bruelheide, Helge; Bulte, Erwin; Catlin, Ann Christine; Cazzolla Gatti, Roberto; César, Ricardo G.; Chen, Han Y. H.; Chisholm, Chelsea; Cienciala, Emil; Colletta, Gabriel D.; Corral-Rivas, José Javier; Cuchietti, Anibal; Cuni-Sanchez, Aida; Dar, Javid A.; Dayanandan, Selvadurai; de Haulleville, Thales; Decuyper, Mathieu; Delabye, Sylvain; Derroire, Géraldine; Devries, Ben; Diisi, John; Do, Tran Van; Dolezal, Jiri; Dourdain, Aurélie; Durrheim, Graham P.; Obiang, Nestor Laurier Engone; Ewango, Corneille E. N.; Eyre, Teresa J.; Fayle, Tom M.; Feunang, Lethicia Flavine N.; Finér, Leena; Fischer, Markus; Fridman, Jonas; Frizzera, Lorenzo; de Gasper, André L.; Gianelle, Damiano; Glick, Henry B.; Gonzalez-Elizondo, Maria Socorro; Gorenstein, Lev; Habonayo, Richard; Hardy, Olivier J.; Harris, David J.; Hector, Andrew; Hemp, Andreas; Herold, Martin; Hillers, Annika; Hubau, Wannes; Ibanez, Thomas; Imai, Nobuo; Imani, Gerard; Jagodzinski, Andrzej M.; Janecek, Stepan; Johannsen, Vivian Kvist; Joly, Carlos A.; Jumbam, Blaise; Kabelong, Banoho L. P. R.; Kahsay, Goytom Abraha; Karminov, Viktor; Kartawinata, Kuswata; Kassi, Justin N.; Kearsley, Elizabeth; Kennard, Deborah K.; Kepfer-Rojas, Sebastian; Khan, Mohammed Latif; Kigomo, John N.; Kim, Hyun Seok; Klauberg, Carine; Klomberg, Yannick; Korjus, Henn; Kothandaraman, Subashree; Kraxner, Florian; Kumar, Amit; Kuswandi, Relawan; Lang, Mait; Lawes, Michael J.; Leite, Rodrigo V.; Lentner, Geoffrey; Lewis, Simon L.; Libalah, Moses B.; Lisingo, Janvier; López-Serrano, Pablito Marcelo; Lu, Huicui; Lukina, Natalia V.; Lykke, Anne Mette; Maicher, Vincent; Maitner, Brian S.; Marcon, Eric; Marshall, Andrew R.; Martin, Emanuel H.; Martynenko, Olga; Mbayu, Faustin M.; Mbuvi, Musingo T. E.; Meave, Jorge A.; Merow, Cory; Miscicki, Stanislaw; Moreno, Vanessa S.; Morera, Albert; Mukul, Sharif A.; Müller, Jörg C.; Murdjoko, Agustinus; Nava-Miranda, Maria Guadalupe; Ndive, Litonga Elias; Neldner, Victor J.; Nevenic, Radovan V.; Nforbelie, Louis N.; Ngoh, Michael L.; N’Guessan, Anny E.; Ngugi, Michael R.; Ngute, Alain S. K.; Njila, Emile Narcisse N.; Nyako, Melanie C.; Ochuodho, Thomas O.; Oleksyn, Jacek; Paquette, Alain; Parfenova, Elena I.; Park, Minjee; Parren, Marc; Parthasarathy, Narayanaswamy; Pfautsch, Sebastian; Phillips, Oliver L.; Piedade, Maria T. F.; Piotto, Daniel; Pollastrini, Martina; Poorter, Lourens; Poulsen, John R.; Poulsen, Axel Dalberg; Pretzsch, Hans; Rodeghiero, Mirco; Rolim, Samir G.; Rovero, Francesco; Rutishauser, Ervan; Sagheb-Talebi, Khosro; Saikia, Purabi; Sainge, Moses Nsanyi; Salas-Eljatib, Christian; Salis, Antonello; Schall, Peter; Schepaschenko, Dmitry; Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael; Schmid, Bernhard; Schöngart, Jochen; Šebeň, Vladimír; Sellan, Giacomo; Selvi, Federico; Serra-Diaz, Josep M.; Sheil, Douglas; Shvidenko, Anatoly Z.; Sist, Plinio; Souza, Alexandre F.; Stereńczak, Krzysztof J.; Sullivan, Martin J. P.; Sundarapandian, Somaiah; Svoboda, Miroslav; Swaine, Mike D.; Targhetta, Natalia; Tchebakova, Nadja; Trethowan, Liam A.; Tropek, Robert; Mukendi, John Tshibamba; Umunay, Peter Mbanda; Usoltsev, Vladimir A.; Vaglio Laurin, Gaia; Valentini, Riccardo; Valladares, Fernando; van der Plas, Fons; Vega-Nieva, Daniel José; Verbeeck, Hans; Viana, Helder; Vibrans, Alexander C.; Vieira, Simone A.; Vleminckx, Jason; Waite, Catherine E.; Wang, Hua-Feng; Wasingya, Eric Katembo; Wekesa, Chemuku; Westerlund, Bertil; Wittmann, Florian; Wortel, Verginia; Zawiła-Niedźwiecki, Tomasz; Zhang, Chunyu; Zhao, Xiuhai; Zhu, Jun; Zhu, Xiao; Zhu, Zhi-Xin; Zo-Bi, Irie C.; Hui, Cang
Co-limitation towards Lower Latitudes Shapes Global Forest Diversity Gradients / Liang, Jingjing; Gamarra, Javier G. P.; Picard, Nicolas; Zhou, Mo; Pijanowski, Bryan; Jacobs, Douglass F.; Reich, Peter B.; Crowther, Thomas W.; Nabuurs, Gert-Jan; de-Miguel, Sergio; Fang, Jingyun; Woodall, Christopher W.; Svenning, Jens-Christian; Jucker, Tommaso; Bastin, Jean-Francois; Wiser, Susan K.; Slik, Ferry; Hérault, Bruno; Alberti, Giorgio; Keppel, Gunnar; Hengeveld, Geerten M.; Ibisch, Pierre L.; Silva, Carlos A.; ter Steege, Hans; Peri, Pablo L.; Coomes, David A.; Searle, Eric B.; von Gadow, Klaus; Jaroszewicz, Bogdan; Abbasi, Akane O.; Abegg, Meinrad; Yao, Yves C. Adou; Aguirre-Gutiérrez, Jesús; Zambrano, Angelica M. Almeyda; Altman, Jan; Alvarez-Dávila, Esteban; Álvarez-González, Juan Gabriel; Alves, Luciana F.; Amani, Bienvenu H. K.; Amani, Christian A.; Ammer, Christian; Ilondea, Bhely Angoboy; Antón-Fernández, Clara; Avitabile, Valerio; Aymard, Gerardo A.; Azihou, Akomian F.; Baard, Johan A.; Baker, Timothy R.; Balazy, Radomir; Bastian, Meredith L.; Batumike, Rodrigue; Bauters, Marijn; Beeckman, Hans; Benu, Nithanel Mikael Hendrik; Bitariho, Robert; Boeckx, Pascal; Bogaert, Jan; Bongers, Frans; Bouriaud, Olivier; Brancalion, Pedro H. S.; Brandl, Susanne; Brearley, Francis Q.; Briseno-Reyes, Jaime; Broadbent, Eben N.; Bruelheide, Helge; Bulte, Erwin; Catlin, Ann Christine; Cazzolla Gatti, Roberto; César, Ricardo G.; Chen, Han Y. H.; Chisholm, Chelsea; Cienciala, Emil; Colletta, Gabriel D.; Corral-Rivas, José Javier; Cuchietti, Anibal; Cuni-Sanchez, Aida; Dar, Javid A.; Dayanandan, Selvadurai; de Haulleville, Thales; Decuyper, Mathieu; Delabye, Sylvain; Derroire, Géraldine; Devries, Ben; Diisi, John; Do, Tran Van; Dolezal, Jiri; Dourdain, Aurélie; Durrheim, Graham P.; Obiang, Nestor Laurier Engone; Ewango, Corneille E. N.; Eyre, Teresa J.; Fayle, Tom M.; Feunang, Lethicia Flavine N.; Finér, Leena; Fischer, Markus; Fridman, Jonas; Frizzera, Lorenzo; de Gasper, André L.; Gianelle, Damiano; Glick, Henry B.; Gonzalez-Elizondo, Maria Socorro; Gorenstein, Lev; Habonayo, Richard; Hardy, Olivier J.; Harris, David J.; Hector, Andrew; Hemp, Andreas; Herold, Martin; Hillers, Annika; Hubau, Wannes; Ibanez, Thomas; Imai, Nobuo; Imani, Gerard; Jagodzinski, Andrzej M.; Janecek, Stepan; Johannsen, Vivian Kvist; Joly, Carlos A.; Jumbam, Blaise; Kabelong, Banoho L. P. R.; Kahsay, Goytom Abraha; Karminov, Viktor; Kartawinata, Kuswata; Kassi, Justin N.; Kearsley, Elizabeth; Kennard, Deborah K.; Kepfer-Rojas, Sebastian; Khan, Mohammed Latif; Kigomo, John N.; Kim, Hyun Seok; Klauberg, Carine; Klomberg, Yannick; Korjus, Henn; Kothandaraman, Subashree; Kraxner, Florian; Kumar, Amit; Kuswandi, Relawan; Lang, Mait; Lawes, Michael J.; Leite, Rodrigo V.; Lentner, Geoffrey; Lewis, Simon L.; Libalah, Moses B.; Lisingo, Janvier; López-Serrano, Pablito Marcelo; Lu, Huicui; Lukina, Natalia V.; Lykke, Anne Mette; Maicher, Vincent; Maitner, Brian S.; Marcon, Eric; Marshall, Andrew R.; Martin, Emanuel H.; Martynenko, Olga; Mbayu, Faustin M.; Mbuvi, Musingo T. E.; Meave, Jorge A.; Merow, Cory; Miscicki, Stanislaw; Moreno, Vanessa S.; Morera, Albert; Mukul, Sharif A.; Müller, Jörg C.; Murdjoko, Agustinus; Nava-Miranda, Maria Guadalupe; Ndive, Litonga Elias; Neldner, Victor J.; Nevenic, Radovan V.; Nforbelie, Louis N.; Ngoh, Michael L.; N’Guessan, Anny E.; Ngugi, Michael R.; Ngute, Alain S. K.; Njila, Emile Narcisse N.; Nyako, Melanie C.; Ochuodho, Thomas O.; Oleksyn, Jacek; Paquette, Alain; Parfenova, Elena I.; Park, Minjee; Parren, Marc; Parthasarathy, Narayanaswamy; Pfautsch, Sebastian; Phillips, Oliver L.; Piedade, Maria T. F.; Piotto, Daniel; Pollastrini, Martina; Poorter, Lourens; Poulsen, John R.; Poulsen, Axel Dalberg; Pretzsch, Hans; Rodeghiero, Mirco; Rolim, Samir G.; Rovero, Francesco; Rutishauser, Ervan; Sagheb-Talebi, Khosro; Saikia, Purabi; Sainge, Moses Nsanyi; Salas-Eljatib, Christian; Salis, Antonello; Schall, Peter; Schepaschenko, Dmitry; Scherer-Lorenzen, Michael; Schmid, Bernhard; Schöngart, Jochen; Šebeň, Vladimír; Sellan, Giacomo; Selvi, Federico; Serra-Diaz, Josep M.; Sheil, Douglas; Shvidenko, Anatoly Z.; Sist, Plinio; Souza, Alexandre F.; Stereńczak, Krzysztof J.; Sullivan, Martin J. P.; Sundarapandian, Somaiah; Svoboda, Miroslav; Swaine, Mike D.; Targhetta, Natalia; Tchebakova, Nadja; Trethowan, Liam A.; Tropek, Robert; Mukendi, John Tshibamba; Umunay, Peter Mbanda; Usoltsev, Vladimir A.; Vaglio Laurin, Gaia; Valentini, Riccardo; Valladares, Fernando; van der Plas, Fons; Vega-Nieva, Daniel José; Verbeeck, Hans; Viana, Helder; Vibrans, Alexander C.; Vieira, Simone A.; Vleminckx, Jason; Waite, Catherine E.; Wang, Hua-Feng; Wasingya, Eric Katembo; Wekesa, Chemuku; Westerlund, Bertil; Wittmann, Florian; Wortel, Verginia; Zawiła-Niedźwiecki, Tomasz; Zhang, Chunyu; Zhao, Xiuhai; Zhu, Jun; Zhu, Xiao; Zhu, Zhi-Xin; Zo-Bi, Irie C.; Hui, Cang. - In: NATURE ECOLOGY & EVOLUTION. - ISSN 2397-334X. - 2022:(2022). [10.1038/s41559-022-01831-x]
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
41559_2022_1831_OnlinePDF.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Versione editoriale (Publisher’s layout)
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 7.53 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
7.53 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/351981
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact