Human T-cell lymphotropic/leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) transforms human T cells in vitro, and Tax, a potent transactivator of viral and cellular genes, plays a key role in cell immortalization. Tax activity is mediated by interaction with cellular transcription factors including members of the CREB/ATF family, the NF-kappaB/c-Rel family, serum response factor, and the coactivators CREB binding protein-p300. Although p53 is usually not mutated in HTLV-1-infected T cells, its half-life is increased and its function is impaired. Here we report that transient coexpression of p53 and Tax results in the suppression of p53 transcriptional activity. Expression of Tax abrogates p53-induced G1 arrest in the Calu-6 cell line and prevents the apoptosis induced by overexpressing p53 in the HeLa/Tat cell line. The Tax mutants M22 and G148V, which selectively activate the CREB/ATF pathway, exert these same biological effects on p53 function. In contrast, the NF-kappaB-active Tax mutant M47 has no effect on p53 activity in any of these systems. Consistent with the negative effect of Tax on p53, no activity on a p53-responsive promoter was observed upon transfection of HTLV-1-infected T-cell lines. The p53 protein is expressed at high levels in the nucleus, and nuclear extracts of HTLV-1-infected T cells bind constitutively to a DNA oligonucleotide containing the p53 response element, indicating that Tax does not interfere with p53 binding to DNA. Tax is able to suppress the transactivation function of p53 in three different cell lines, and this suppression required Tax-mediated activation of the CREB/ATF, but not the NF-kappaB/c-Rel, pathway. Tax and the active Tax mutants were able to abrogate the G1 arrest and apoptosis induced by p53, and this effect does not correlate with an altered localization of nuclear p53 or with the disruption of p53-DNA complexes. The suppression of p53 activity by Tax could be important in T-cell immortalization induced by HTLV-1.
Scheda prodotto non validato
I dati visualizzati non sono stati ancora sottoposti a validazione formale da parte dello Staff di IRIS, ma sono stati ugualmente trasmessi al Sito Docente Cineca (Loginmiur).
|Titolo:||Human T-cell lymphotropic/leukemia virus type 1 Tax abrogates p53-induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis through its CREB/ATF functional domain.|
|Autori:||J. C., Mulloy; T., Kislyakova; Cereseto, Anna; L., Casareto; A., Lomonico; J., Fullen; M. V., Lorenzi; A., Cara; C., Nicot; C., Giam; G., Franchini|
|Titolo del periodico:||JOURNAL OF VIROLOGY|
|Anno di pubblicazione:||1998|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-0031661780|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||9765430|
|Codice identificativo WOS:||WOS:000076373700049|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista (Journal article)|