Native to East Asia, the spotted-wing drosophila, Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae), has established widely in the Americas, Europe, and parts of Africa over the last decade, becoming a devastating pest of various soft-skinned fruits in its invaded regions. Biological control, especially by means of self-perpetuating and specialized parasitoids, is expected to be a viable option for sustainable areawide management of this highly mobile and polyphagous pest. Ganaspis brasiliensis Ihering (Hymenoptera: Figitidae) is a larval parasitoid that is widely distributed in East Asia, and has been found to be one of the most effective parasitoids of D. suzukii. Following rigorous pre-introduction evaluations of its efficacy and potential non-target risks, one of the more host-specific genetic groups of this species (G1 G. brasiliensis) has been approved recently for introduction and field release in the United States and Italy. Another genetic group (G3 G. brasiliensis), which was also commonly found to attack D. suzukii in East Asia, may be considered for introduction in the near future. There is currently enormous interest in rearing G. brasiliensis for research or in massproduction for field release against D. suzukii. This protocol and associated video article describe effective rearing methods for this parasitoid, both on a small scale for research and a large scale for mass-production and field release. These methods may benefit further long-term research and use of this Asian-native parasitoid as a promising biological control agent for this global invasive pest.

Methods for Rearing the Parasitoid Ganaspis brasiliensis, a Promising Biological Control Agent for the Invasive Drosophila suzukii / Rossi-Stacconi, M. V.; Wang, X.; Stout, A.; Fellin, L.; Daane, K. M.; Biondi, A.; Stahl, J. M.; Buffington, M. L.; Anfora, G.; Hoelmer, K. A.. - In: JOURNAL OF VISUALIZED EXPERIMENTS. - ISSN 1940-087X. - ELETTRONICO. - 2022:(2022), pp. e6389801-e6389816. [10.3791/63898]

Methods for Rearing the Parasitoid Ganaspis brasiliensis, a Promising Biological Control Agent for the Invasive Drosophila suzukii

Fellin, L.;Anfora, G.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Native to East Asia, the spotted-wing drosophila, Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae), has established widely in the Americas, Europe, and parts of Africa over the last decade, becoming a devastating pest of various soft-skinned fruits in its invaded regions. Biological control, especially by means of self-perpetuating and specialized parasitoids, is expected to be a viable option for sustainable areawide management of this highly mobile and polyphagous pest. Ganaspis brasiliensis Ihering (Hymenoptera: Figitidae) is a larval parasitoid that is widely distributed in East Asia, and has been found to be one of the most effective parasitoids of D. suzukii. Following rigorous pre-introduction evaluations of its efficacy and potential non-target risks, one of the more host-specific genetic groups of this species (G1 G. brasiliensis) has been approved recently for introduction and field release in the United States and Italy. Another genetic group (G3 G. brasiliensis), which was also commonly found to attack D. suzukii in East Asia, may be considered for introduction in the near future. There is currently enormous interest in rearing G. brasiliensis for research or in massproduction for field release against D. suzukii. This protocol and associated video article describe effective rearing methods for this parasitoid, both on a small scale for research and a large scale for mass-production and field release. These methods may benefit further long-term research and use of this Asian-native parasitoid as a promising biological control agent for this global invasive pest.
2022
Rossi-Stacconi, M. V.; Wang, X.; Stout, A.; Fellin, L.; Daane, K. M.; Biondi, A.; Stahl, J. M.; Buffington, M. L.; Anfora, G.; Hoelmer, K. A.
Methods for Rearing the Parasitoid Ganaspis brasiliensis, a Promising Biological Control Agent for the Invasive Drosophila suzukii / Rossi-Stacconi, M. V.; Wang, X.; Stout, A.; Fellin, L.; Daane, K. M.; Biondi, A.; Stahl, J. M.; Buffington, M. L.; Anfora, G.; Hoelmer, K. A.. - In: JOURNAL OF VISUALIZED EXPERIMENTS. - ISSN 1940-087X. - ELETTRONICO. - 2022:(2022), pp. e6389801-e6389816. [10.3791/63898]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/342592
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