Experimental data are presented on the Doppler spectra of airborne ultrasound forward scattered by the rough dynamic surface of an open channel turbulent flow. The data are numerically interpreted based on a Kirchhoff approximation for a stationary random water surface roughness. The results show a clear link between the Doppler spectra and the characteristic spatial and temporal scales of the water surface. The decay of the Doppler spectra is proportional to the velocity of the flow near the surface. At higher Doppler frequencies the measurements show a less steep decrease of the Doppler spectra with the frequency compared to the numerical simulations. A semi-empirical equation for the spectrum of the surface elevation in open channel turbulent flows over a rough bed is provided. The results of this study suggest that the dynamic surface of open channel turbulent flows can be characterized remotely based on the Doppler spectra of forward scattered airborne ultrasound. The method does not require any equipment to be submerged in the flow and works remotely with a very high signal to noise ratio.

Doppler Spectra of Airborne Ultrasound forward Scattered by the Rough Surface of Open Channel Turbulent Water Flows / Dolcetti, G.; Krynkin, A.. - In: THE JOURNAL OF THE ACOUSTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA. - ISSN 0001-4966. - 142:5(2017), pp. 3122-3134. [10.1121/1.5011183]

Doppler Spectra of Airborne Ultrasound forward Scattered by the Rough Surface of Open Channel Turbulent Water Flows

Dolcetti G.;
2017-01-01

Abstract

Experimental data are presented on the Doppler spectra of airborne ultrasound forward scattered by the rough dynamic surface of an open channel turbulent flow. The data are numerically interpreted based on a Kirchhoff approximation for a stationary random water surface roughness. The results show a clear link between the Doppler spectra and the characteristic spatial and temporal scales of the water surface. The decay of the Doppler spectra is proportional to the velocity of the flow near the surface. At higher Doppler frequencies the measurements show a less steep decrease of the Doppler spectra with the frequency compared to the numerical simulations. A semi-empirical equation for the spectrum of the surface elevation in open channel turbulent flows over a rough bed is provided. The results of this study suggest that the dynamic surface of open channel turbulent flows can be characterized remotely based on the Doppler spectra of forward scattered airborne ultrasound. The method does not require any equipment to be submerged in the flow and works remotely with a very high signal to noise ratio.
2017
5
Dolcetti, G.; Krynkin, A.
Doppler Spectra of Airborne Ultrasound forward Scattered by the Rough Surface of Open Channel Turbulent Water Flows / Dolcetti, G.; Krynkin, A.. - In: THE JOURNAL OF THE ACOUSTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA. - ISSN 0001-4966. - 142:5(2017), pp. 3122-3134. [10.1121/1.5011183]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/337084
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