Efficiently scaling quantum networks to long ranges requires local processing nodes to perform basic computation and communication tasks. Trapped ions have demonstrated all the properties required for the construction of such a node, storing quantum information for up to 12 min, implementing deterministic high fidelity logic operations on one and two qubits, and ion-photon coupling. While most ions suitable for quantum computing emit photons in visible to near ultraviolet (UV) frequency ranges poorly suited to long-distance fibre optical based networking, recent experiments in frequency conversion provide a technological solution by shifting the photons to frequencies in the telecom band with lower attenuation for fused silica fibres. Encoding qubits in frequency rather than polarization makes them more robust against decoherence from thermal or mechanical noise due to the conservation of energy. To date, ion-photonic frequency qubit entanglement has not been directly shown. Here we demonstrate a frequency encoding ion-photon entanglement protocol in 171Yb+ with correlations equivalent to 92.4(8)% fidelity using a purpose-built UV hyperfine spectrometer. The same robustness against decoherence precludes our passive optical setup from rotating photonic qubits to unconditionally demonstrate entanglement, however it is sufficient to allow us to benchmark the quality of ion-UV photon correlations prior to frequency conversion to the telecom band.

Ion-photonic frequency qubit correlations for quantum networks / Connell, S. C.; Scarabel, J.; Bridge, E. M.; Shimizu, K.; Blums, V.; Ghadimi, M.; Lobino, M.; Streed, E. W.. - In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICS. B, ATOMIC MOLECULAR AND OPTICAL PHYSICS. - ISSN 0953-4075. - 54:17(2021), p. 175503. [10.1088/1361-6455/ac2984]

Ion-photonic frequency qubit correlations for quantum networks

Lobino M.;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Efficiently scaling quantum networks to long ranges requires local processing nodes to perform basic computation and communication tasks. Trapped ions have demonstrated all the properties required for the construction of such a node, storing quantum information for up to 12 min, implementing deterministic high fidelity logic operations on one and two qubits, and ion-photon coupling. While most ions suitable for quantum computing emit photons in visible to near ultraviolet (UV) frequency ranges poorly suited to long-distance fibre optical based networking, recent experiments in frequency conversion provide a technological solution by shifting the photons to frequencies in the telecom band with lower attenuation for fused silica fibres. Encoding qubits in frequency rather than polarization makes them more robust against decoherence from thermal or mechanical noise due to the conservation of energy. To date, ion-photonic frequency qubit entanglement has not been directly shown. Here we demonstrate a frequency encoding ion-photon entanglement protocol in 171Yb+ with correlations equivalent to 92.4(8)% fidelity using a purpose-built UV hyperfine spectrometer. The same robustness against decoherence precludes our passive optical setup from rotating photonic qubits to unconditionally demonstrate entanglement, however it is sufficient to allow us to benchmark the quality of ion-UV photon correlations prior to frequency conversion to the telecom band.
2021
17
Connell, S. C.; Scarabel, J.; Bridge, E. M.; Shimizu, K.; Blums, V.; Ghadimi, M.; Lobino, M.; Streed, E. W.
Ion-photonic frequency qubit correlations for quantum networks / Connell, S. C.; Scarabel, J.; Bridge, E. M.; Shimizu, K.; Blums, V.; Ghadimi, M.; Lobino, M.; Streed, E. W.. - In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICS. B, ATOMIC MOLECULAR AND OPTICAL PHYSICS. - ISSN 0953-4075. - 54:17(2021), p. 175503. [10.1088/1361-6455/ac2984]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/334341
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 5
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact