Recent years have seen huge advancements in the methods available and used in neuroscience employing EEG or MEG. However, the standard approach is to average a large number of trials for experimentally defined conditions in order to reduce intertrial-variability, i.e., treating it as a source of "noise." Yet it is now more and more accepted that trial-to-trial fluctuations bear functional significance, reflecting fluctuations of "brain states" that predispose perception and action. Such effects are often revealed in a pre-stimulus period, when comparing response variability to an invariant stimulus. However such offline analyses are disadvantageous as they are correlational by drawing conclusions in a post hoc-manner and stimulus presentation is random with respect to the feature of interest. A more direct test is to trigger stimulus presentation when the relevant feature is present. The current paper introduces Constance System for Online EEG (ConSole), a software package capable of analyzing ongoing EEG/MEG in real-time and presenting auditory and visual stimuli via internal routines. Stimulation via external devices (e.g., transcranial magnetic stimulation) or third-party software (e.g., PsyScope X) is possible by sending TTL-triggers. With ConSole it is thus possible to target the stimulation at specific brain states. In contrast to many available applications, ConSole is open-source. Its modular design enhances the power of the software as it can be easily adapted to new challenges and writing new experiments is an easy task. ConSole is already pre-equipped with modules performing standard signal processing steps. The software is also independent from the EEG/MEG system, as long as a driver can be written (currently two EEG systems are supported). Besides a general introduction, we present benchmark data regarding performance and validity of the calculations used, as well as three example applications of ConSole in different settings. ConSole can be downloaded at: http://console-kn.sf.net.
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|Titolo:||Probing of Brain States in Real-Time: Introducing the ConSole Environment.|
|Autori:||Hartmann, Thomas; H., Schulz; Weisz, Nathan|
|Titolo del periodico:||FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY|
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-84855943004|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||21716603|
|Codice identificativo WOS:||WOS:000208863700048|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2011.00036|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista (Journal article)|