Schizophrenia patients commonly exhibit smaller amplitudes of mismatch negativity (MMN) than in controls. It remains unclear whether this results from deficient processes indexed by MMN or 'normally' though more variable processing. The present magnetoencephalographic study addressed this question by analyzing intra-individual trial-by-trial variability and MMN amplitude.Twenty inpatients meeting ICD criteria for schizophrenia and 18 healthy controls participated in an auditory oddball experiment. The neuromagnetic mismatch field (MMNm) was defined as the difference waveform deviant minus standard tone response. Variability index (VI) in different frequency bands was quantified as trial-by-trial variation of stimulus-evoked responses and epoch-by-epoch variation of signal amplitude during a resting condition.Patients displayed a smaller MMNm amplitude and higher VI during the oddball experiment and during the resting condition than in controls. VI and MMNm amplitude were correlated in controls, but not in patients.Reduced MMN in schizophrenia cannot be explained by augmented variability of brain activity; deficient auditory sensory memory and stimulus related phase-locking may characterize the disorder.Understanding the contribution of diminished temporal stability of neuronal network dynamics to schizophrenia is crucial in modeling the impact of such instability on performance and thus for understanding deviant attention and memory functions.
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|Titolo:||Reduced mismatch negativity and increased variability of brain activity in schizophrenia.|
|Autori:||T., Jordanov; T., Popov; Weisz, Nathan; T., Elbert; I., Paul Jordanov; B., Rockstroh|
|Titolo del periodico:||CLINICAL NEUROPHYSIOLOGY|
|Anno di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Codice identificativo Scopus:||2-s2.0-80855148255|
|Codice identificativo Pubmed:||21620765|
|Codice identificativo ISI:||WOS:000296583000007|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2011.05.002|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03.1 Articolo su rivista (Journal article)|