Mosquitoes-borne diseases are major public health issues particularly in Africa. Vector control interventions and human-made environmental/climatic changes significantly affect the distribution and abundance of vector species. We carried out an entomological survey targeting host-seeking mosquitos in two different ecological contexts—coastal and inland—in Senegal, by CDC-light and BG-sentinel traps. Results show high predominance of Culex quinquefasciatus (90%) and of Anopheles arabiensis within malaria vectors (46%), with mean numbers of females/trap/nights =8 and <1, respectively, reinforcing previous evidence of changes in species composition and abundance, highlighting thus increasing risk of transmission of filariasis and emerging arboviruses in the Sen-egambia region. From the methodological perspective, results show a higher specificity of BG traps for Cx. quinquefasciatus and of CDC traps for An. gambiae s.l. and highlight that, despite both traps target the host-seeking fraction of the population, they provide different patterns of species abun-dance, temporal dynamics and host-seeking activity, leading to possible misinterpretation of the species bionomics. This draws attention to the need of taking into account trapping performance, in order to provide realistic quantification of the number of mosquitoes per units of space and time, the crucial parameter for evaluating vector–human contact, and estimating risk of pathogen trans-mission.

Entomological survey confirms changes in mosquito composition and abundance in senegal and reveals discrepancies among results by different host-seeking female traps / Ngom, El Hadji Malick; Virgillito, Chiara; Manica, Mattia; Rosa, Roberto; Pichler, Verena; Sarleti, Noemi; Kasse, Isseu; Diallo, Mawlouth; della Torre, Alessandra; Dia, Ibrahima; Caputo, Beniamino. - In: INSECTS. - ISSN 2075-4450. - 2021, 12:8(2021), pp. 692.1-692.14. [10.3390/insects12080692]

Entomological survey confirms changes in mosquito composition and abundance in senegal and reveals discrepancies among results by different host-seeking female traps

Rosa, Roberto;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Mosquitoes-borne diseases are major public health issues particularly in Africa. Vector control interventions and human-made environmental/climatic changes significantly affect the distribution and abundance of vector species. We carried out an entomological survey targeting host-seeking mosquitos in two different ecological contexts—coastal and inland—in Senegal, by CDC-light and BG-sentinel traps. Results show high predominance of Culex quinquefasciatus (90%) and of Anopheles arabiensis within malaria vectors (46%), with mean numbers of females/trap/nights =8 and <1, respectively, reinforcing previous evidence of changes in species composition and abundance, highlighting thus increasing risk of transmission of filariasis and emerging arboviruses in the Sen-egambia region. From the methodological perspective, results show a higher specificity of BG traps for Cx. quinquefasciatus and of CDC traps for An. gambiae s.l. and highlight that, despite both traps target the host-seeking fraction of the population, they provide different patterns of species abun-dance, temporal dynamics and host-seeking activity, leading to possible misinterpretation of the species bionomics. This draws attention to the need of taking into account trapping performance, in order to provide realistic quantification of the number of mosquitoes per units of space and time, the crucial parameter for evaluating vector–human contact, and estimating risk of pathogen trans-mission.
2021
8
Ngom, El Hadji Malick; Virgillito, Chiara; Manica, Mattia; Rosa, Roberto; Pichler, Verena; Sarleti, Noemi; Kasse, Isseu; Diallo, Mawlouth; della Torre, Alessandra; Dia, Ibrahima; Caputo, Beniamino
Entomological survey confirms changes in mosquito composition and abundance in senegal and reveals discrepancies among results by different host-seeking female traps / Ngom, El Hadji Malick; Virgillito, Chiara; Manica, Mattia; Rosa, Roberto; Pichler, Verena; Sarleti, Noemi; Kasse, Isseu; Diallo, Mawlouth; della Torre, Alessandra; Dia, Ibrahima; Caputo, Beniamino. - In: INSECTS. - ISSN 2075-4450. - 2021, 12:8(2021), pp. 692.1-692.14. [10.3390/insects12080692]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/330966
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