Emotional communication often needs the integration of affective prosodic and semantic components from speech and the speaker's facial expression. Affective prosody may have a special role by virtue of its dual-nature; pre-verbal on one side and accompanying semantic content on the other. This consideration led us to hypothesize that it could act transversely, encompassing a wide temporal window involving the processing of facial expressions and semantic content expressed by the speaker. This would allow powerful communication in contexts of potential urgency such as witnessing the speaker's physical pain. Seventeen participants were shown with faces preceded by verbal reports of pain. Facial expressions, intelligibility of the semantic content of the report (i.e., participants' mother tongue vs. fictional language) and the affective prosody of the report (neutral vs. painful) were manipulated. We monitored event-related potentials (ERPs) time-locked to the onset of the faces as a function of semantic content intelligibility and affective prosody of the verbal reports. We found that affective prosody may interact with facial expressions and semantic content in two successive temporal windows, supporting its role as a transverse communication cue.

Neural measures of the role of affective prosody in empathy for pain / Meconi, F.; Doro, M.; Lomoriello, A. S.; Mastrella, G.; Sessa, P.. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 8:1(2018), p. 291. [10.1038/s41598-017-18552-y]

Neural measures of the role of affective prosody in empathy for pain

Meconi F.;
2018-01-01

Abstract

Emotional communication often needs the integration of affective prosodic and semantic components from speech and the speaker's facial expression. Affective prosody may have a special role by virtue of its dual-nature; pre-verbal on one side and accompanying semantic content on the other. This consideration led us to hypothesize that it could act transversely, encompassing a wide temporal window involving the processing of facial expressions and semantic content expressed by the speaker. This would allow powerful communication in contexts of potential urgency such as witnessing the speaker's physical pain. Seventeen participants were shown with faces preceded by verbal reports of pain. Facial expressions, intelligibility of the semantic content of the report (i.e., participants' mother tongue vs. fictional language) and the affective prosody of the report (neutral vs. painful) were manipulated. We monitored event-related potentials (ERPs) time-locked to the onset of the faces as a function of semantic content intelligibility and affective prosody of the verbal reports. We found that affective prosody may interact with facial expressions and semantic content in two successive temporal windows, supporting its role as a transverse communication cue.
2018
1
Meconi, F.; Doro, M.; Lomoriello, A. S.; Mastrella, G.; Sessa, P.
Neural measures of the role of affective prosody in empathy for pain / Meconi, F.; Doro, M.; Lomoriello, A. S.; Mastrella, G.; Sessa, P.. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 8:1(2018), p. 291. [10.1038/s41598-017-18552-y]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/330699
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