Drawing is a well-established method to improve the mechanical properties of wet-spun fibers, as it orients the polymer chains, increases the chain density, and homogenizes the microstructure. This work aims to investigate how drawing variables, such as the draw ratio, drawing speed, and temperature affect the elastic modulus (E) and the strain at break (εB) of biobased wet-spun fibers constituted by neat polylactic acid (PLA) and a PLA/poly(dodecamethylene 2,5-furandicarboxylate) (PDoF) (80/20 wt/wt) blend. Drawing experiments were conducted with a design of experiment (DOE) approach following a 24 full factorial design. The results of the quasi-static tensile tests on the drawn fibers, analyzed by the analysis of variance (ANOVA) and modeled through the response surface methodology (RSM), highlight that the presence of PDoF significantly lowers E, which instead is maximized if the temperature and draw ratio are both low. On the other hand, εB is enhanced when the drawing is performed at a high temperature. Finally, a genetic algorithm was implemented to find the optimal combination of drawing parameters that maximize both E and εB . The resulting Pareto curve highlights that the temperature influences the mechanical results only for neat PLA fibers, as the stiffness increases by drawing at lower temperatures, while optimal Pareto points for PLA/PDoF fibers are mainly determined by the draw ratio and the draw rate.

Statistical Modeling and Optimization of the Drawing Process of Bioderived Polylactide/Poly(dodecylene furanoate) Wet-Spun Fibers / Rigotti, Daniele; Fredi, Giulia; Perin, Davide; Bikiaris, Dimitrios N.; Pegoretti, Alessandro; Dorigato, Andrea. - In: POLYMERS. - ISSN 2073-4360. - 14:3(2022), pp. 396.1-396.13. [10.3390/polym14030396]

Statistical Modeling and Optimization of the Drawing Process of Bioderived Polylactide/Poly(dodecylene furanoate) Wet-Spun Fibers

Rigotti, Daniele;Fredi, Giulia;Perin, Davide;Pegoretti, Alessandro;Dorigato, Andrea
2022-01-01

Abstract

Drawing is a well-established method to improve the mechanical properties of wet-spun fibers, as it orients the polymer chains, increases the chain density, and homogenizes the microstructure. This work aims to investigate how drawing variables, such as the draw ratio, drawing speed, and temperature affect the elastic modulus (E) and the strain at break (εB) of biobased wet-spun fibers constituted by neat polylactic acid (PLA) and a PLA/poly(dodecamethylene 2,5-furandicarboxylate) (PDoF) (80/20 wt/wt) blend. Drawing experiments were conducted with a design of experiment (DOE) approach following a 24 full factorial design. The results of the quasi-static tensile tests on the drawn fibers, analyzed by the analysis of variance (ANOVA) and modeled through the response surface methodology (RSM), highlight that the presence of PDoF significantly lowers E, which instead is maximized if the temperature and draw ratio are both low. On the other hand, εB is enhanced when the drawing is performed at a high temperature. Finally, a genetic algorithm was implemented to find the optimal combination of drawing parameters that maximize both E and εB . The resulting Pareto curve highlights that the temperature influences the mechanical results only for neat PLA fibers, as the stiffness increases by drawing at lower temperatures, while optimal Pareto points for PLA/PDoF fibers are mainly determined by the draw ratio and the draw rate.
2022
3
Rigotti, Daniele; Fredi, Giulia; Perin, Davide; Bikiaris, Dimitrios N.; Pegoretti, Alessandro; Dorigato, Andrea
Statistical Modeling and Optimization of the Drawing Process of Bioderived Polylactide/Poly(dodecylene furanoate) Wet-Spun Fibers / Rigotti, Daniele; Fredi, Giulia; Perin, Davide; Bikiaris, Dimitrios N.; Pegoretti, Alessandro; Dorigato, Andrea. - In: POLYMERS. - ISSN 2073-4360. - 14:3(2022), pp. 396.1-396.13. [10.3390/polym14030396]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/330526
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