Emotion processing impairment is a common non-motor symptom in Parkinson’s Disease (PD). Previous literature reported conflicting results concerning, in particular, the performance for different emotions, the relation with cognitive and neuropsychiatric symptoms and the affected stage of processing. This study aims at assessing emotion recognition and discrimination in PD. Recognition of six facial expressions was studied in order to clarify its relationship with motor, cognitive and neuropsychiatric symptoms. Sensitivity in discriminating happy and fearful faces was investigated to address controversial findings on impairment in early stages of emotion processing. To do so, seventy PD patients were tested with the Ekman 60 Faces test and compared with 46 neurologically unimpaired participants. Patients’ performances were correlated with clinical scales and neuropsychological tests. A subsample of 25 PD patients and 25 control participants were also tested with a backward masking paradigm for sensitivity in happiness and fear discrimination. Results showed that PD patients were impaired in facial emotion recognition, especially for fearful expressions. The performance correlated with perceptual, executive and general cognitive abilities, but facial expression recognition deficits were present even in cognitively unimpaired patients. In contrast, patients’ sensitivity in backward masking tasks was not reduced as compared to controls. Taken together our data demonstrate that facial emotion recognition, and fear expression in particular, is critically affected by neurodegeneration in PD and related to cognitive abilities; however, it appears before other cognitive impairments. Preserved performances in discriminating shortly presented facial expressions, suggest unimpaired early stages of emotion processing.

Facial expressions recognition and discrimination in Parkinson’s disease / Mattavelli, G.; Barvas, E.; Longo, C.; Zappini, F.; Ottaviani, D.; Malaguti, M. C.; Pellegrini, M.; Papagno, C.. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROPSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 1748-6645. - 15:1(2021), pp. 46-68. [10.1111/jnp.12209]

Facial expressions recognition and discrimination in Parkinson’s disease

Barvas E.;Longo C.;Zappini F.;Papagno C.
2021

Abstract

Emotion processing impairment is a common non-motor symptom in Parkinson’s Disease (PD). Previous literature reported conflicting results concerning, in particular, the performance for different emotions, the relation with cognitive and neuropsychiatric symptoms and the affected stage of processing. This study aims at assessing emotion recognition and discrimination in PD. Recognition of six facial expressions was studied in order to clarify its relationship with motor, cognitive and neuropsychiatric symptoms. Sensitivity in discriminating happy and fearful faces was investigated to address controversial findings on impairment in early stages of emotion processing. To do so, seventy PD patients were tested with the Ekman 60 Faces test and compared with 46 neurologically unimpaired participants. Patients’ performances were correlated with clinical scales and neuropsychological tests. A subsample of 25 PD patients and 25 control participants were also tested with a backward masking paradigm for sensitivity in happiness and fear discrimination. Results showed that PD patients were impaired in facial emotion recognition, especially for fearful expressions. The performance correlated with perceptual, executive and general cognitive abilities, but facial expression recognition deficits were present even in cognitively unimpaired patients. In contrast, patients’ sensitivity in backward masking tasks was not reduced as compared to controls. Taken together our data demonstrate that facial emotion recognition, and fear expression in particular, is critically affected by neurodegeneration in PD and related to cognitive abilities; however, it appears before other cognitive impairments. Preserved performances in discriminating shortly presented facial expressions, suggest unimpaired early stages of emotion processing.
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Mattavelli, G.; Barvas, E.; Longo, C.; Zappini, F.; Ottaviani, D.; Malaguti, M. C.; Pellegrini, M.; Papagno, C.
Facial expressions recognition and discrimination in Parkinson’s disease / Mattavelli, G.; Barvas, E.; Longo, C.; Zappini, F.; Ottaviani, D.; Malaguti, M. C.; Pellegrini, M.; Papagno, C.. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROPSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 1748-6645. - 15:1(2021), pp. 46-68. [10.1111/jnp.12209]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/330330
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