Long-term monitoring of snow cover is crucial for climatic and hydrological studies. The utility of long-term snow-cover products lies in their ability to record the real states of the earth's surface. Although a long-term, consistent snow product derived from the ESA CCI+ (Climate Change Initiative) AVHRR GAC (Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer global area coverage) dataset dating back to the 1980s has been generated and released, its accuracy and consistency have not been extensively evaluated. Here, we extensively validate the AVHRR GAC snow-cover extent dataset for the mountainous Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region due to its high importance for climate change impact and adaptation studies. The sensor-to-sensor consistency was first investigated using a snow dataset based on long-term in situ stations (1982-2013). Also, this includes a study on the dependence of AVHRR snow-cover accuracy related to snow depth. Furthermore, in order to increase the spatial coverage of validation and explore the influences of land-cover type, elevation, slope, aspect, and topographical variability in the accuracy of AVHRR snow extent, a comparison with Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) data was included. Finally, the performance of the AVHRR GAC snow-cover dataset was also compared to the MODIS (MOD10A1 V006) product. Our analysis shows an overall accuracy of 94ĝ€¯% in comparison with in situ station data, which is the same with MOD10A1 V006. Using a ±3ĝ€¯d temporal filter caused a slight decrease in accuracy (from 94ĝ€¯% to 92ĝ€¯%). Validation against Landsat TM data over the area with a wide range of conditions (i.e., elevation, topography, and land cover) indicated overall root mean square errors (RMSEs) of about 13.27ĝ€¯% and 16ĝ€¯% and overall biases of about -5.83ĝ€¯% and -7.13ĝ€¯% for the AVHRR GAC raw and gap-filled snow datasets, respectively. It can be concluded that the here validated AVHRR GAC snow-cover climatology is a highly valuable and powerful dataset to assess environmental changes in the HKH region due to its good quality, unique temporal coverage (1982-2019), and inter-sensor/satellite consistency.

Evaluation of snow extent time series derived from Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer global area coverage data (1982-2018) in the Hindu Kush Himalayas / Wu, X.; Naegeli, K.; Premier, V.; Marin, C.; Ma, D.; Wang, J.; Wunderle, S.. - In: THE CRYOSPHERE. - ISSN 1994-0416. - 15:9(2021), pp. 4261-4279. [10.5194/tc-15-4261-2021]

Evaluation of snow extent time series derived from Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer global area coverage data (1982-2018) in the Hindu Kush Himalayas

Premier V.;Marin C.;
2021

Abstract

Long-term monitoring of snow cover is crucial for climatic and hydrological studies. The utility of long-term snow-cover products lies in their ability to record the real states of the earth's surface. Although a long-term, consistent snow product derived from the ESA CCI+ (Climate Change Initiative) AVHRR GAC (Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer global area coverage) dataset dating back to the 1980s has been generated and released, its accuracy and consistency have not been extensively evaluated. Here, we extensively validate the AVHRR GAC snow-cover extent dataset for the mountainous Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region due to its high importance for climate change impact and adaptation studies. The sensor-to-sensor consistency was first investigated using a snow dataset based on long-term in situ stations (1982-2013). Also, this includes a study on the dependence of AVHRR snow-cover accuracy related to snow depth. Furthermore, in order to increase the spatial coverage of validation and explore the influences of land-cover type, elevation, slope, aspect, and topographical variability in the accuracy of AVHRR snow extent, a comparison with Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) data was included. Finally, the performance of the AVHRR GAC snow-cover dataset was also compared to the MODIS (MOD10A1 V006) product. Our analysis shows an overall accuracy of 94ĝ€¯% in comparison with in situ station data, which is the same with MOD10A1 V006. Using a ±3ĝ€¯d temporal filter caused a slight decrease in accuracy (from 94ĝ€¯% to 92ĝ€¯%). Validation against Landsat TM data over the area with a wide range of conditions (i.e., elevation, topography, and land cover) indicated overall root mean square errors (RMSEs) of about 13.27ĝ€¯% and 16ĝ€¯% and overall biases of about -5.83ĝ€¯% and -7.13ĝ€¯% for the AVHRR GAC raw and gap-filled snow datasets, respectively. It can be concluded that the here validated AVHRR GAC snow-cover climatology is a highly valuable and powerful dataset to assess environmental changes in the HKH region due to its good quality, unique temporal coverage (1982-2019), and inter-sensor/satellite consistency.
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Wu, X.; Naegeli, K.; Premier, V.; Marin, C.; Ma, D.; Wang, J.; Wunderle, S.
Evaluation of snow extent time series derived from Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer global area coverage data (1982-2018) in the Hindu Kush Himalayas / Wu, X.; Naegeli, K.; Premier, V.; Marin, C.; Ma, D.; Wang, J.; Wunderle, S.. - In: THE CRYOSPHERE. - ISSN 1994-0416. - 15:9(2021), pp. 4261-4279. [10.5194/tc-15-4261-2021]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/330034
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