The recent completion of Advanced LIGO suggests that gravitational waves may soon be directly observed. Past searches for gravitational-wave transients have been impacted by transient noise artifacts, known as glitches, introduced into LIGO data due to instrumental and environmental effects. In this work, we explore how waveform complexity, instead of signal-to-noise ratio, can be used to rank event candidates and distinguish short duration astrophysical signals from glitches. We test this framework using a new hierarchical pipeline that directly compares the Bayesian evidence of explicit signal and glitch models. The hierarchical pipeline is shown to perform well and, in particular, to allow high-confidence detections of a range of waveforms at a realistic signal-to-noise ratio with a two-detector network.

Leveraging waveform complexity for confident detection of gravitational waves / Kanner, J. B.; Littenberg, T. B.; Cornish, N.; Millhouse, M.; Xhakaj, E.; Salemi, F.; Drago, M.; Vedovato, G.; Klimenko, S.. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW D. - ISSN 2470-0010. - 93:2(2016). [10.1103/PhysRevD.93.022002]

Leveraging waveform complexity for confident detection of gravitational waves

Salemi F.;Drago M.;
2016-01-01

Abstract

The recent completion of Advanced LIGO suggests that gravitational waves may soon be directly observed. Past searches for gravitational-wave transients have been impacted by transient noise artifacts, known as glitches, introduced into LIGO data due to instrumental and environmental effects. In this work, we explore how waveform complexity, instead of signal-to-noise ratio, can be used to rank event candidates and distinguish short duration astrophysical signals from glitches. We test this framework using a new hierarchical pipeline that directly compares the Bayesian evidence of explicit signal and glitch models. The hierarchical pipeline is shown to perform well and, in particular, to allow high-confidence detections of a range of waveforms at a realistic signal-to-noise ratio with a two-detector network.
2016
2
Kanner, J. B.; Littenberg, T. B.; Cornish, N.; Millhouse, M.; Xhakaj, E.; Salemi, F.; Drago, M.; Vedovato, G.; Klimenko, S.
Leveraging waveform complexity for confident detection of gravitational waves / Kanner, J. B.; Littenberg, T. B.; Cornish, N.; Millhouse, M.; Xhakaj, E.; Salemi, F.; Drago, M.; Vedovato, G.; Klimenko, S.. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW D. - ISSN 2470-0010. - 93:2(2016). [10.1103/PhysRevD.93.022002]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/329728
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