The amount of information exchanged per unit of time between two dynamic processes is an important concept for the analysis of complex systems. Theoretical formulations and data-efficient estimators have been recently introduced for this quantity, known as the mutual information rate (MIR), allowing its continuous-time computation for event-based data sets measured as realizations of coupled point processes. This work presents the implementation of MIR for point process applications in Network Physiology and cardiovascular variability, which typically feature short and noisy experimental time series. We assess the bias of MIR estimated for uncoupled point processes in the frame of surrogate data, and we compensate it by introducing a corrected MIR (cMIR) measure designed to return zero values when the two processes do not exchange information. The method is first tested extensively in synthetic point processes including a physiologically-based model of the heartbeat dynamics and the blood pressure propagation times, where we show the ability of cMIR to compensate the negative bias of MIR and return statistically significant values even for weakly coupled processes. The method is then assessed in real point-process data measured from healthy subjects during different physiological conditions, showing that cMIR between heartbeat and pressure propagation times increases significantly during postural stress, though not during mental stress. These results document that cMIR reflects physiological mechanisms of cardiovascular variability related to the joint neural autonomic modulation of heart rate and arterial compliance.

Measuring the Rate of Information Exchange in Point-Process Data With Application to Cardiovascular Variability / Mijatovic, Gorana; Pernice, Riccardo; Perinelli, Alessio; Antonacci, Yuri; Busacca, Alessandro; Javorka, Michal; Ricci, Leonardo; Faes, Luca. - In: FRONTIERS IN NETWORK PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 2674-0109. - 2022:1(2022), pp. 765332.1-765332.19. [10.3389/fnetp.2021.765332]

Measuring the Rate of Information Exchange in Point-Process Data With Application to Cardiovascular Variability

Perinelli, Alessio;Ricci, Leonardo;Faes, Luca
2022-01-01

Abstract

The amount of information exchanged per unit of time between two dynamic processes is an important concept for the analysis of complex systems. Theoretical formulations and data-efficient estimators have been recently introduced for this quantity, known as the mutual information rate (MIR), allowing its continuous-time computation for event-based data sets measured as realizations of coupled point processes. This work presents the implementation of MIR for point process applications in Network Physiology and cardiovascular variability, which typically feature short and noisy experimental time series. We assess the bias of MIR estimated for uncoupled point processes in the frame of surrogate data, and we compensate it by introducing a corrected MIR (cMIR) measure designed to return zero values when the two processes do not exchange information. The method is first tested extensively in synthetic point processes including a physiologically-based model of the heartbeat dynamics and the blood pressure propagation times, where we show the ability of cMIR to compensate the negative bias of MIR and return statistically significant values even for weakly coupled processes. The method is then assessed in real point-process data measured from healthy subjects during different physiological conditions, showing that cMIR between heartbeat and pressure propagation times increases significantly during postural stress, though not during mental stress. These results document that cMIR reflects physiological mechanisms of cardiovascular variability related to the joint neural autonomic modulation of heart rate and arterial compliance.
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Mijatovic, Gorana; Pernice, Riccardo; Perinelli, Alessio; Antonacci, Yuri; Busacca, Alessandro; Javorka, Michal; Ricci, Leonardo; Faes, Luca
Measuring the Rate of Information Exchange in Point-Process Data With Application to Cardiovascular Variability / Mijatovic, Gorana; Pernice, Riccardo; Perinelli, Alessio; Antonacci, Yuri; Busacca, Alessandro; Javorka, Michal; Ricci, Leonardo; Faes, Luca. - In: FRONTIERS IN NETWORK PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 2674-0109. - 2022:1(2022), pp. 765332.1-765332.19. [10.3389/fnetp.2021.765332]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/329516
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