BACKGROUND: Many groups of insects utilize substrate-borne vibrations for intraspecific communication. This characteristic makes them a suitable model for exploring the use of vibrations as a tool for pest control as an alternative to the use of chemicals. Detailed knowledge of species communication is a prerequisite to select the best signals to use. This study explored the use of substrate-borne vibrations for pest control of the brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB), Halyomorpha halys Stål (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae). For this purpose, we first identified the spectral and temporal characteristics that best elicit male responsiveness. Bioassays were conducted with artificial signals that mimicked the natural female calling signal. Second, we used the acquired knowledge to synthesize new signals endowed with different degrees of attractiveness in single- and two-choice bioassays using a wooden custom-made T stand. RESULTS: The results from this study showed that males were attracted to female signals along a high range of amplitudes, especially starting from a threshold of 100 μm s−1, a high pulse repetition time (1 s) and frequency peak corresponding to the first harmonic (76 Hz). This resulted in an “optimal” signal for use to attract males, while the choice test in the T arena showed that this signal elicits searching behavior and attracts BMSB males towards a stimulation point. CONCLUSION: We confirm the use of vibrational signals as a strong tool for behavioral manipulation of male BMSB and suggest its possible use in the development of field traps and further management of this pest. © 2021 The Authors. Pest Management Science published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Society of Chemical Industry.

Design of ideal vibrational signals for stinkbug male attraction, through vibrotaxis experiments / Zaffaroni Caorsi, Valentina; Cornara, Daniele; Wells, Karen E.; Moser, Damiano; Berardo, Alice; Miselli, Roberto; Torriani, Michele; Pugno, Nicola M.; Tasin, Marco; Maistrello, Lara; Mazzoni, Valerio. - In: PEST MANAGEMENT SCIENCE. - ISSN 1526-498X. - 77:12(2021), pp. 5498-5508. [10.1002/ps.6590]

Design of ideal vibrational signals for stinkbug male attraction, through vibrotaxis experiments

Zaffaroni Caorsi, Valentina;Wells, Karen E.;Berardo, Alice;Pugno, Nicola M.;Mazzoni, Valerio
2021

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Many groups of insects utilize substrate-borne vibrations for intraspecific communication. This characteristic makes them a suitable model for exploring the use of vibrations as a tool for pest control as an alternative to the use of chemicals. Detailed knowledge of species communication is a prerequisite to select the best signals to use. This study explored the use of substrate-borne vibrations for pest control of the brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB), Halyomorpha halys Stål (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae). For this purpose, we first identified the spectral and temporal characteristics that best elicit male responsiveness. Bioassays were conducted with artificial signals that mimicked the natural female calling signal. Second, we used the acquired knowledge to synthesize new signals endowed with different degrees of attractiveness in single- and two-choice bioassays using a wooden custom-made T stand. RESULTS: The results from this study showed that males were attracted to female signals along a high range of amplitudes, especially starting from a threshold of 100 μm s−1, a high pulse repetition time (1 s) and frequency peak corresponding to the first harmonic (76 Hz). This resulted in an “optimal” signal for use to attract males, while the choice test in the T arena showed that this signal elicits searching behavior and attracts BMSB males towards a stimulation point. CONCLUSION: We confirm the use of vibrational signals as a strong tool for behavioral manipulation of male BMSB and suggest its possible use in the development of field traps and further management of this pest. © 2021 The Authors. Pest Management Science published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Society of Chemical Industry.
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Zaffaroni Caorsi, Valentina; Cornara, Daniele; Wells, Karen E.; Moser, Damiano; Berardo, Alice; Miselli, Roberto; Torriani, Michele; Pugno, Nicola M.; Tasin, Marco; Maistrello, Lara; Mazzoni, Valerio
Design of ideal vibrational signals for stinkbug male attraction, through vibrotaxis experiments / Zaffaroni Caorsi, Valentina; Cornara, Daniele; Wells, Karen E.; Moser, Damiano; Berardo, Alice; Miselli, Roberto; Torriani, Michele; Pugno, Nicola M.; Tasin, Marco; Maistrello, Lara; Mazzoni, Valerio. - In: PEST MANAGEMENT SCIENCE. - ISSN 1526-498X. - 77:12(2021), pp. 5498-5508. [10.1002/ps.6590]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/329330
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