We investigated whether semantic interference occurring during visual word recognition is resolved using domain-general control mechanisms or using more specific mechanisms related to semantic processing. We asked participants to perform a lexical decision task with taboo stimuli, which induce semantic interference, as well as a semantic Stroop task and a Simon task, intended as benchmarks of linguistic-semantic and non-linguistic interference, respectively. Using a correlational approach, we investigated potential similarities between effects produced in the three tasks, both at the level of overall means and as a function of response speed (delta-plot analysis). Correlations selectively surfaced between the lexical decision and the semantic Stroop task. These findings suggest that, during visual word recognition, semantic interference is controlled by semantic-specific mechanisms, which intervene to face prepotent but task-irrelevant semantic information interfering with the accomplishment of the task’s goal.

Prepotent task-irrelevant semantic information is dampened by domain-specific control mechanisms during visual word recognition / Sulpizio, S.; Job, R.; Leoni, P.; Scaltritti, M.. - In: THE QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 1747-0218. - 2022/75:3(2022), pp. 390-405. [10.1177/17470218211030863]

Prepotent task-irrelevant semantic information is dampened by domain-specific control mechanisms during visual word recognition

Job R.;Leoni P.;Scaltritti M.
2022

Abstract

We investigated whether semantic interference occurring during visual word recognition is resolved using domain-general control mechanisms or using more specific mechanisms related to semantic processing. We asked participants to perform a lexical decision task with taboo stimuli, which induce semantic interference, as well as a semantic Stroop task and a Simon task, intended as benchmarks of linguistic-semantic and non-linguistic interference, respectively. Using a correlational approach, we investigated potential similarities between effects produced in the three tasks, both at the level of overall means and as a function of response speed (delta-plot analysis). Correlations selectively surfaced between the lexical decision and the semantic Stroop task. These findings suggest that, during visual word recognition, semantic interference is controlled by semantic-specific mechanisms, which intervene to face prepotent but task-irrelevant semantic information interfering with the accomplishment of the task’s goal.
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Sulpizio, S.; Job, R.; Leoni, P.; Scaltritti, M.
Prepotent task-irrelevant semantic information is dampened by domain-specific control mechanisms during visual word recognition / Sulpizio, S.; Job, R.; Leoni, P.; Scaltritti, M.. - In: THE QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 1747-0218. - 2022/75:3(2022), pp. 390-405. [10.1177/17470218211030863]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/329116
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