Drosophila suzukii Matsumura is an economically important pest of small and stone fruits. Its establishment in the Americas and Europe marked an important turning point in crop management programs. Ten years after its first detection, an effective integrated pest management program has yet to be developed and pesticides are mainly used to control this pest. Here we test a new behavioral control tool, with the aim to develop an alternative pest control strategy. A food-grade gum matrix, was evaluated under controlled and open field conditions for its ability to attract the pest and protect the ripening fruit. Here, we report that the gum effectively reduces fruit infestation when used under managed conditions. We show that a single point source can affect D. suzukii behavior over a 3.6 m radius and last for up to 21 d. Open field data reveal that the efficacy of the gum is significantly impacted by water content. We discuss these results in respect to the future implications for D. suzukii management, along with important considerations on gum mechanism of action, possible application strategies and economic suitability for growers.

Gumming up the Works: Field Tests of a New Food-Grade Gum as Behavioral Disruptor for Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) / Rossi Stacconi, M. V.; Tait, G.; Rendon, D.; Grassi, A.; Boyer, G.; Nieri, R.; Walton, V. M.. - In: JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC ENTOMOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-0493. - 113:4(2020), pp. 1872-1880. [10.1093/jee/toaa072]

Gumming up the Works: Field Tests of a New Food-Grade Gum as Behavioral Disruptor for Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae)

Rossi Stacconi M. V.;Nieri R.;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Drosophila suzukii Matsumura is an economically important pest of small and stone fruits. Its establishment in the Americas and Europe marked an important turning point in crop management programs. Ten years after its first detection, an effective integrated pest management program has yet to be developed and pesticides are mainly used to control this pest. Here we test a new behavioral control tool, with the aim to develop an alternative pest control strategy. A food-grade gum matrix, was evaluated under controlled and open field conditions for its ability to attract the pest and protect the ripening fruit. Here, we report that the gum effectively reduces fruit infestation when used under managed conditions. We show that a single point source can affect D. suzukii behavior over a 3.6 m radius and last for up to 21 d. Open field data reveal that the efficacy of the gum is significantly impacted by water content. We discuss these results in respect to the future implications for D. suzukii management, along with important considerations on gum mechanism of action, possible application strategies and economic suitability for growers.
2020
4
Rossi Stacconi, M. V.; Tait, G.; Rendon, D.; Grassi, A.; Boyer, G.; Nieri, R.; Walton, V. M.
Gumming up the Works: Field Tests of a New Food-Grade Gum as Behavioral Disruptor for Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) / Rossi Stacconi, M. V.; Tait, G.; Rendon, D.; Grassi, A.; Boyer, G.; Nieri, R.; Walton, V. M.. - In: JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC ENTOMOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-0493. - 113:4(2020), pp. 1872-1880. [10.1093/jee/toaa072]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/328810
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