: Complex microbial communities are associated with plants and can improve their resilience under harsh environmental conditions. In particular, plants and their associated communities have developed complex adaptation strategies against cold stress. Although changes in plant-associated microbial community structure have been analysed in different cold regions, scarce information is available on possible common taxonomic and functional features of microbial communities across cold environments. In this review, we discuss recent advances in taxonomic and functional characterization of plant-associated microbial communities in three main cold regions, such as alpine, Arctic and Antarctica environments. Culture-independent and culture-dependent approaches are analysed, in order to highlight the main factors affecting the taxonomic structure of plant-associated communities in cold environments. Moreover, biotechnological applications of plant-associated microorganisms from cold environments are proposed for agriculture, industry and medicine, according to biological functions and cold adaptation strategies of bacteria and fungi. Although further functional studies may improve our knowledge, the existing literature suggest that plants growing in cold environments harbor complex, host-specific and cold-adapted microbial communities, which may play key functional roles in plant growth and survival under cold conditions.

Ecology and potential functions of plant-associated microbial communities in cold environments / Marian, Malek; Licciardello, Giorgio; Vicelli, Bianca; Pertot, Ilaria; Perazzolli, Michele. - In: FEMS MICROBIOLOGY ECOLOGY. - ISSN 1574-6941. - ELETTRONICO. - 98:1(2022), pp. fiab16101-fiab16117. [10.1093/femsec/fiab161]

Ecology and potential functions of plant-associated microbial communities in cold environments

Marian, Malek;Licciardello, Giorgio;Vicelli, Bianca;Pertot, Ilaria;Perazzolli, Michele
2022

Abstract

: Complex microbial communities are associated with plants and can improve their resilience under harsh environmental conditions. In particular, plants and their associated communities have developed complex adaptation strategies against cold stress. Although changes in plant-associated microbial community structure have been analysed in different cold regions, scarce information is available on possible common taxonomic and functional features of microbial communities across cold environments. In this review, we discuss recent advances in taxonomic and functional characterization of plant-associated microbial communities in three main cold regions, such as alpine, Arctic and Antarctica environments. Culture-independent and culture-dependent approaches are analysed, in order to highlight the main factors affecting the taxonomic structure of plant-associated communities in cold environments. Moreover, biotechnological applications of plant-associated microorganisms from cold environments are proposed for agriculture, industry and medicine, according to biological functions and cold adaptation strategies of bacteria and fungi. Although further functional studies may improve our knowledge, the existing literature suggest that plants growing in cold environments harbor complex, host-specific and cold-adapted microbial communities, which may play key functional roles in plant growth and survival under cold conditions.
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Marian, Malek; Licciardello, Giorgio; Vicelli, Bianca; Pertot, Ilaria; Perazzolli, Michele
Ecology and potential functions of plant-associated microbial communities in cold environments / Marian, Malek; Licciardello, Giorgio; Vicelli, Bianca; Pertot, Ilaria; Perazzolli, Michele. - In: FEMS MICROBIOLOGY ECOLOGY. - ISSN 1574-6941. - ELETTRONICO. - 98:1(2022), pp. fiab16101-fiab16117. [10.1093/femsec/fiab161]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/328727
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