This study is about linking preparative processes of nanoparticles with the morphology of the nanoparticles and with their efficiency in delivering payloads intracellularly. The nanoparticles are composed of hyaluronic acid (HA) and chitosan; the former can address a nanoparticle to cell surface receptors such as CD44, the second allows both for entrapment of nucleic acids and for an endosomolytic activity that facilitates their liberation in the cytoplasm. Here, we have systematically compared nanoparticles prepared either A) through a two-step process based on intermediate (template) particles produced via ionotropic gelation of chitosan with triphosphate (TPP), which are then incubated with HA, or B) through direct polyelectrolyte complexation of chitosan and HA. Here we demonstrate that HA is capable to quantitatively replace TPP in the template process and significant aggregation takes place during the TPP-HA exchange. The templated chitosan/HA nanoparticles therefore have a mildly larger size (measured by dynamic light scattering alone or by field flow fractionation coupled to static or dynamic light scattering), and above all a higher aspect ratio (Rg/RH) and a lower fractal dimension. We then compared the kinetics of uptake and the (antiluciferase) siRNA delivery performance in murine RAW 264.7 macrophages and in human HCT-116 colorectal tumor cells. The preparative method (and therefore the internal particle morphology) had little effect on the uptake kinetics and no statistically relevant influence on silencing (templated particles often showing a lower silencing). Cell-specific factors, on the contrary, overwhelmingly determined the efficacy of the carriers, with, e.g., those containing low-MW chitosan performing better in macrophages and those with high-MW chitosan in HCT-116.

The different ways to chitosan/hyaluronic acid nanoparticles: Templated vs direct complexation. Influence of particle preparation on morphology, cell uptake and silencing efficiency / Gennari, A.; de la Rosa, J. M. R.; Hohn, E.; Pelliccia, M.; Lallana, E.; Donno, R.; Tirella, A.; Tirelli, N.. - In: BEILSTEIN JOURNAL OF NANOTECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 2190-4286. - 10:(2019), pp. 2594-2608. [10.3762/bjnano.10.250]

The different ways to chitosan/hyaluronic acid nanoparticles: Templated vs direct complexation. Influence of particle preparation on morphology, cell uptake and silencing efficiency

Tirella A.;
2019-01-01

Abstract

This study is about linking preparative processes of nanoparticles with the morphology of the nanoparticles and with their efficiency in delivering payloads intracellularly. The nanoparticles are composed of hyaluronic acid (HA) and chitosan; the former can address a nanoparticle to cell surface receptors such as CD44, the second allows both for entrapment of nucleic acids and for an endosomolytic activity that facilitates their liberation in the cytoplasm. Here, we have systematically compared nanoparticles prepared either A) through a two-step process based on intermediate (template) particles produced via ionotropic gelation of chitosan with triphosphate (TPP), which are then incubated with HA, or B) through direct polyelectrolyte complexation of chitosan and HA. Here we demonstrate that HA is capable to quantitatively replace TPP in the template process and significant aggregation takes place during the TPP-HA exchange. The templated chitosan/HA nanoparticles therefore have a mildly larger size (measured by dynamic light scattering alone or by field flow fractionation coupled to static or dynamic light scattering), and above all a higher aspect ratio (Rg/RH) and a lower fractal dimension. We then compared the kinetics of uptake and the (antiluciferase) siRNA delivery performance in murine RAW 264.7 macrophages and in human HCT-116 colorectal tumor cells. The preparative method (and therefore the internal particle morphology) had little effect on the uptake kinetics and no statistically relevant influence on silencing (templated particles often showing a lower silencing). Cell-specific factors, on the contrary, overwhelmingly determined the efficacy of the carriers, with, e.g., those containing low-MW chitosan performing better in macrophages and those with high-MW chitosan in HCT-116.
2019
Gennari, A.; de la Rosa, J. M. R.; Hohn, E.; Pelliccia, M.; Lallana, E.; Donno, R.; Tirella, A.; Tirelli, N.
The different ways to chitosan/hyaluronic acid nanoparticles: Templated vs direct complexation. Influence of particle preparation on morphology, cell uptake and silencing efficiency / Gennari, A.; de la Rosa, J. M. R.; Hohn, E.; Pelliccia, M.; Lallana, E.; Donno, R.; Tirella, A.; Tirelli, N.. - In: BEILSTEIN JOURNAL OF NANOTECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 2190-4286. - 10:(2019), pp. 2594-2608. [10.3762/bjnano.10.250]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/327743
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