Sparse arrays have grating lobes in the far field pattern due to the large spacing of elements residing in a rectangular or triangular grid. Random element spacing removes the grating lobes but produces large variations in element density across the aperture. In fact, some areas are so dense that the elements overlap. This paper introduces a low discrepancy sequence (LDS) for generating the element locations in sparse planar arrays without grating lobes. This nonrandom alternative finds an element layout that reduces the grating lobes while keeping the elements far enough apart for practical construction. Our studies consider uniform sparse LDS arrays with 86% less elements than a fully populated array, and numerical results are presented that show these sampling techniques are capable of completely removing the grating lobes of sparse arrays. We present the mathematical formulation for implementing an LDS generated element lattice for sparse planar arrays, and present numerical results on their performance. Multiple array configurations are studied, and we show that these LDS techniques are not impacted by the type/shape of the planar array. Moreover, in comparison between the LDS techniques, we show that the Poisson disk sampling technique outperforms all other approaches and is the recommended LDS technique for sparse arrays.

Low discrepancy sparse phased array antennas / Torres, Travis; Anselmi, Nicola; Nayeri, Payam; Rocca, Paolo; Haupt, Randy. - In: SENSORS. - ISSN 1424-8220. - STAMPA. - 21:23(2021), pp. 7816.1-7816.20. [10.3390/s21237816]

Low discrepancy sparse phased array antennas

Anselmi, Nicola;Rocca, Paolo;
2021

Abstract

Sparse arrays have grating lobes in the far field pattern due to the large spacing of elements residing in a rectangular or triangular grid. Random element spacing removes the grating lobes but produces large variations in element density across the aperture. In fact, some areas are so dense that the elements overlap. This paper introduces a low discrepancy sequence (LDS) for generating the element locations in sparse planar arrays without grating lobes. This nonrandom alternative finds an element layout that reduces the grating lobes while keeping the elements far enough apart for practical construction. Our studies consider uniform sparse LDS arrays with 86% less elements than a fully populated array, and numerical results are presented that show these sampling techniques are capable of completely removing the grating lobes of sparse arrays. We present the mathematical formulation for implementing an LDS generated element lattice for sparse planar arrays, and present numerical results on their performance. Multiple array configurations are studied, and we show that these LDS techniques are not impacted by the type/shape of the planar array. Moreover, in comparison between the LDS techniques, we show that the Poisson disk sampling technique outperforms all other approaches and is the recommended LDS technique for sparse arrays.
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Torres, Travis; Anselmi, Nicola; Nayeri, Payam; Rocca, Paolo; Haupt, Randy
Low discrepancy sparse phased array antennas / Torres, Travis; Anselmi, Nicola; Nayeri, Payam; Rocca, Paolo; Haupt, Randy. - In: SENSORS. - ISSN 1424-8220. - STAMPA. - 21:23(2021), pp. 7816.1-7816.20. [10.3390/s21237816]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/325532
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