This paper investigates how labour market flexibilisation strengthens the role of social origins in conditioning inter- and intragenerational mobility chances. Drawing on the upper-class aversion to downward mobility, we explore mechanisms through which advantaged social origins directly compensate for the socioeconomic penalty that arises from initial contractual instability over the career. Conversely, we examine whether a bad start for less-socially privileged entrants represents a source of cumulative disadvantages. The Italian and German labour markets are optimal national cases since they share a partial and targeted deregulation process, but they differ in terms of their LM institutions and mobility regimes. We combine propensity score matching and growth curves to counterfactually compare the career development of service- and working-class entrants in the two countries who began with similar socioeconomic status. We reveal that social origin contributes to unequal trajectory developments in both contexts, especially for the low- and middle-educated. No significant DESO over the career emerges among degree holders in either country. Finally, attending university entirely reduces the flexibility penalty in Italy, whereas for German graduates, initial instability serves as a gateway to more-prestigious jobs.

Social Origin and Secondary Labour Market Entry: ascriptive and institutional inequalities over the early career in Italy and Germany / Barbieri, Paolo; Gioachin, Filippo. - In: RESEARCH IN SOCIAL STRATIFICATION AND MOBILITY. - ISSN 0276-5624. - STAMPA. - 2022:Available online 26 November 2021(2022). [10.1016/j.rssm.2021.100670]

Social Origin and Secondary Labour Market Entry: ascriptive and institutional inequalities over the early career in Italy and Germany

Barbieri, Paolo;Gioachin, Filippo
2022

Abstract

This paper investigates how labour market flexibilisation strengthens the role of social origins in conditioning inter- and intragenerational mobility chances. Drawing on the upper-class aversion to downward mobility, we explore mechanisms through which advantaged social origins directly compensate for the socioeconomic penalty that arises from initial contractual instability over the career. Conversely, we examine whether a bad start for less-socially privileged entrants represents a source of cumulative disadvantages. The Italian and German labour markets are optimal national cases since they share a partial and targeted deregulation process, but they differ in terms of their LM institutions and mobility regimes. We combine propensity score matching and growth curves to counterfactually compare the career development of service- and working-class entrants in the two countries who began with similar socioeconomic status. We reveal that social origin contributes to unequal trajectory developments in both contexts, especially for the low- and middle-educated. No significant DESO over the career emerges among degree holders in either country. Finally, attending university entirely reduces the flexibility penalty in Italy, whereas for German graduates, initial instability serves as a gateway to more-prestigious jobs.
Available online 26 November 2021
Barbieri, Paolo; Gioachin, Filippo
Social Origin and Secondary Labour Market Entry: ascriptive and institutional inequalities over the early career in Italy and Germany / Barbieri, Paolo; Gioachin, Filippo. - In: RESEARCH IN SOCIAL STRATIFICATION AND MOBILITY. - ISSN 0276-5624. - STAMPA. - 2022:Available online 26 November 2021(2022). [10.1016/j.rssm.2021.100670]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/323419
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