Declarative memory is an explicit, long-term memory system, used in generalization and categorization processes and to make inferences and to predict probable outcomes in novel situations. Animals have been proven to possess a similar declarative-like memory system. Here, we investigated declarative-like memory representations in young chicks, assessing the roles of the two hemispheres in memory recollection. Chicks were exposed for three consecutive days to two different arenas (blue/yellow), where they were presented with two panels, each depicting a different stimulus (cross/square). Only one of the two stimuli was rewarded, i.e., it hid a food reward. The position (left/right) of the rewarded stimulus remained constant within the same arena, but it differed between the two arenas (e.g., reward always on the left in the blue context and on the right in the yellow one). At test, both panels depicted the rewarded stimulus, thus chicks had to remember food position depending on the previously experienced contextual rule. Both binocular and right-eye monocularly-tested chicks correctly located the reward, whereas left-eye monocularly-tested chicks performed at the chance level. We showed that declarative-like memory of integrated information is available at early stages of development, and it is associated with a left hemisphere dominance.

Lateralized Declarative-Like Memory for Conditional Spatial Information in Domestic Chicks (Gallus gallus) / Loconsole, Maria; Mascalzoni, Elena; Daisley, Jonathan Niall; De Agrò, Massimo; Vallortigara, Giorgio; Regolin, Lucia. - In: SYMMETRY. - ISSN 2073-8994. - ELETTRONICO. - 13:5(2021), pp. 906.1-906.12. [10.3390/sym13050906]

Lateralized Declarative-Like Memory for Conditional Spatial Information in Domestic Chicks (Gallus gallus)

Mascalzoni, Elena;De Agrò, Massimo;Vallortigara, Giorgio;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Declarative memory is an explicit, long-term memory system, used in generalization and categorization processes and to make inferences and to predict probable outcomes in novel situations. Animals have been proven to possess a similar declarative-like memory system. Here, we investigated declarative-like memory representations in young chicks, assessing the roles of the two hemispheres in memory recollection. Chicks were exposed for three consecutive days to two different arenas (blue/yellow), where they were presented with two panels, each depicting a different stimulus (cross/square). Only one of the two stimuli was rewarded, i.e., it hid a food reward. The position (left/right) of the rewarded stimulus remained constant within the same arena, but it differed between the two arenas (e.g., reward always on the left in the blue context and on the right in the yellow one). At test, both panels depicted the rewarded stimulus, thus chicks had to remember food position depending on the previously experienced contextual rule. Both binocular and right-eye monocularly-tested chicks correctly located the reward, whereas left-eye monocularly-tested chicks performed at the chance level. We showed that declarative-like memory of integrated information is available at early stages of development, and it is associated with a left hemisphere dominance.
2021
5
Loconsole, Maria; Mascalzoni, Elena; Daisley, Jonathan Niall; De Agrò, Massimo; Vallortigara, Giorgio; Regolin, Lucia
Lateralized Declarative-Like Memory for Conditional Spatial Information in Domestic Chicks (Gallus gallus) / Loconsole, Maria; Mascalzoni, Elena; Daisley, Jonathan Niall; De Agrò, Massimo; Vallortigara, Giorgio; Regolin, Lucia. - In: SYMMETRY. - ISSN 2073-8994. - ELETTRONICO. - 13:5(2021), pp. 906.1-906.12. [10.3390/sym13050906]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/322069
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