The simultaneous need for high specific mechanical properties and thermal energy storage (TES) function, present in several applications (e.g., electric vehicles), can be effectively addressed by multifunctional polymer-matrix composites containing a reinforcing agent and a phase change material (PCM). The PCMs generally decrease the mechanical properties of the host structural composites, but a multifunctional composite can still be beneficial in terms of mass saving, compared to two monofunctional units performing the structural and heat management functions individually. To quantify any possible advantages, this paper proposes an approach that determines the conditions for an effective mass saving at the system level and ranks the investigated structural TES composites with a parameter called multifunctional efficiency. It is found that the potential mass saving is higher when the volume fraction of the reinforcement is kept constant also when the PCM fraction increases or when the single phases (reinforcement, PCM) are themselves multifunctional.

Evaluating the multifunctional performance of structural composites for thermal energy storage / Fredi, Giulia; Dorigato, Andrea; Fambri, Luca; Pegoretti, Alessandro. - In: POLYMERS. - ISSN 2073-4360. - ELETTRONICO. - 2021, 13:18(2021), pp. 3108.1-3108.15. [10.3390/polym13183108]

Evaluating the multifunctional performance of structural composites for thermal energy storage

Fredi, Giulia;Dorigato, Andrea;Fambri, Luca;Pegoretti, Alessandro
2021-01-01

Abstract

The simultaneous need for high specific mechanical properties and thermal energy storage (TES) function, present in several applications (e.g., electric vehicles), can be effectively addressed by multifunctional polymer-matrix composites containing a reinforcing agent and a phase change material (PCM). The PCMs generally decrease the mechanical properties of the host structural composites, but a multifunctional composite can still be beneficial in terms of mass saving, compared to two monofunctional units performing the structural and heat management functions individually. To quantify any possible advantages, this paper proposes an approach that determines the conditions for an effective mass saving at the system level and ranks the investigated structural TES composites with a parameter called multifunctional efficiency. It is found that the potential mass saving is higher when the volume fraction of the reinforcement is kept constant also when the PCM fraction increases or when the single phases (reinforcement, PCM) are themselves multifunctional.
2021
18
Fredi, Giulia; Dorigato, Andrea; Fambri, Luca; Pegoretti, Alessandro
Evaluating the multifunctional performance of structural composites for thermal energy storage / Fredi, Giulia; Dorigato, Andrea; Fambri, Luca; Pegoretti, Alessandro. - In: POLYMERS. - ISSN 2073-4360. - ELETTRONICO. - 2021, 13:18(2021), pp. 3108.1-3108.15. [10.3390/polym13183108]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/318928
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