Several studies have suggested a correlation between heart rate variability (HRV), emotion regulation (ER), psychopathological conditions, and cognitive functions in the past two decades. Specifically, recent data seem to support the hypothesis that low-frequency heart rate variability (LF-HRV), an index of sympathetic cardiac control, correlates with worse executive performances, worse ER, and specific psychopathological dimensions. The present work aims to review the previous findings on these topics and integrate them from two main cornerstones of this perspective: Porges’ Polyvagal Theory and Thayer and Lane’s Neurovisceral Integration Model, which are necessary to understand these associations better. For this reason, based on these two approaches, we point out that low HRV is associated with emotional dysregulation, worse cognitive performance, and transversal psychopathological conditions. We report studies that underline the importance of considering the heart-brain relation in order to shed light on the necessity to implement psychophysiology into a broader perspective on emotions, mental health, and good cognitive functioning. This integration is beneficial not only as a theoretical ground from which to start for further research studies but as a starting point for new theoretical perspectives useful in clinical practice.

Is Low Heart Rate Variability associated with Emotional Dysregulation, Psychopathological Dimensions and Prefrontal Dysfunctions? An integrative view / Cattaneo, Lorena Angela; Franquillo, Anna Chiara; Grecucci, Alessandro; Beccia, Laura; Caretti, Vincenzo; Dadomo, Harold. - In: JOURNAL OF PERSONALIZED MEDICINE. - ISSN 2075-4426. - ELETTRONICO. - 2021/11:9(2021), pp. 87201-87216. [10.3390/jpm11090872]

Is Low Heart Rate Variability associated with Emotional Dysregulation, Psychopathological Dimensions and Prefrontal Dysfunctions? An integrative view

Grecucci, Alessandro;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Several studies have suggested a correlation between heart rate variability (HRV), emotion regulation (ER), psychopathological conditions, and cognitive functions in the past two decades. Specifically, recent data seem to support the hypothesis that low-frequency heart rate variability (LF-HRV), an index of sympathetic cardiac control, correlates with worse executive performances, worse ER, and specific psychopathological dimensions. The present work aims to review the previous findings on these topics and integrate them from two main cornerstones of this perspective: Porges’ Polyvagal Theory and Thayer and Lane’s Neurovisceral Integration Model, which are necessary to understand these associations better. For this reason, based on these two approaches, we point out that low HRV is associated with emotional dysregulation, worse cognitive performance, and transversal psychopathological conditions. We report studies that underline the importance of considering the heart-brain relation in order to shed light on the necessity to implement psychophysiology into a broader perspective on emotions, mental health, and good cognitive functioning. This integration is beneficial not only as a theoretical ground from which to start for further research studies but as a starting point for new theoretical perspectives useful in clinical practice.
2021
9
Cattaneo, Lorena Angela; Franquillo, Anna Chiara; Grecucci, Alessandro; Beccia, Laura; Caretti, Vincenzo; Dadomo, Harold
Is Low Heart Rate Variability associated with Emotional Dysregulation, Psychopathological Dimensions and Prefrontal Dysfunctions? An integrative view / Cattaneo, Lorena Angela; Franquillo, Anna Chiara; Grecucci, Alessandro; Beccia, Laura; Caretti, Vincenzo; Dadomo, Harold. - In: JOURNAL OF PERSONALIZED MEDICINE. - ISSN 2075-4426. - ELETTRONICO. - 2021/11:9(2021), pp. 87201-87216. [10.3390/jpm11090872]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/315231
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