In recent years, the use of psychedelic drugs to study brain dynamics has flourished due to the unique opportunity they offer to investigate the neural mechanisms of conscious perception. Unfortunately, there are many difficulties to conduct experiments on pharmacologically-induced hallucinations, especially regarding ethical and legal issues. In addition, it is difficult to isolate the neural effects of psychedelic states from other physiological effects elicited by the drug ingestion. Here, we used the DeepDream algorithm to create visual stimuli that mimic the perception of hallucinatory states. Participants were first exposed to a regular video, followed by its modified version, while recording electroencephalography (EEG). Results showed that the frontal region's activity was characterized by a higher entropy and lower complexity during the modified video, with respect to the regular one, at different time scales. Moreover, we found an increased undirected connectivity and a greater level of entropy in functional connectivity networks elicited by the modified video. These findings suggest that DeepDream and psychedelic drugs induced similar altered brain patterns and demonstrate the potential of adopting this method to study altered perceptual phenomenology in neuroimaging research.

Increased Entropic Brain Dynamics during DeepDream-Induced Altered Perceptual Phenomenology / Greco, Antonino; Gallitto, Giuseppe; D'Alessandro, Marco; Rastelli, Clara. - In: ENTROPY. - ISSN 1099-4300. - 23:7(2021), p. 839. [10.3390/e23070839]

Increased Entropic Brain Dynamics during DeepDream-Induced Altered Perceptual Phenomenology

Greco, Antonino;Gallitto, Giuseppe;D'Alessandro, Marco;Rastelli, Clara
2021

Abstract

In recent years, the use of psychedelic drugs to study brain dynamics has flourished due to the unique opportunity they offer to investigate the neural mechanisms of conscious perception. Unfortunately, there are many difficulties to conduct experiments on pharmacologically-induced hallucinations, especially regarding ethical and legal issues. In addition, it is difficult to isolate the neural effects of psychedelic states from other physiological effects elicited by the drug ingestion. Here, we used the DeepDream algorithm to create visual stimuli that mimic the perception of hallucinatory states. Participants were first exposed to a regular video, followed by its modified version, while recording electroencephalography (EEG). Results showed that the frontal region's activity was characterized by a higher entropy and lower complexity during the modified video, with respect to the regular one, at different time scales. Moreover, we found an increased undirected connectivity and a greater level of entropy in functional connectivity networks elicited by the modified video. These findings suggest that DeepDream and psychedelic drugs induced similar altered brain patterns and demonstrate the potential of adopting this method to study altered perceptual phenomenology in neuroimaging research.
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Greco, Antonino; Gallitto, Giuseppe; D'Alessandro, Marco; Rastelli, Clara
Increased Entropic Brain Dynamics during DeepDream-Induced Altered Perceptual Phenomenology / Greco, Antonino; Gallitto, Giuseppe; D'Alessandro, Marco; Rastelli, Clara. - In: ENTROPY. - ISSN 1099-4300. - 23:7(2021), p. 839. [10.3390/e23070839]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/313562
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