Active social communication is an effective way for infants to learn about the world. Do pre-verbal and pre-pointing infants seek epistemic information from their social partners when motivated to obtain information they cannot discover independently? The present study investigated whether 12-month-olds (N = 30) selectively seek information from knowledgeable adults in situations of referential uncertainty. In a live experiment, infants were introduced to two unfamiliar adults, an Informant (reliably labeling objects) and a Non-Informant (equally socially engaging, but ignorant about object labels). At test, infants were asked to make an impossible choice—locate a novel referent among two novel objects. When facing epistemic uncertainty—but not at other phases of the procedure—infants selectively referred to the Informant rather than the Non-Informant. These results show that pre-verbal infants use social referencing to actively and selectively seek information from social partners as part of their interrogative communicative toolkit. A video abstract of this article can be viewed at https://youtu.be/23dLPsa-fAY.

“I don't know but I know who to ask”: 12-month-olds actively seek information from knowledgeable adults / Bazhydai, M.; Westermann, G.; Parise, E.. - In: DEVELOPMENTAL SCIENCE. - ISSN 1363-755X. - 23:5(2020), pp. e12938.1-e12938.10. [10.1111/desc.12938]

“I don't know but I know who to ask”: 12-month-olds actively seek information from knowledgeable adults

Parise E.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Active social communication is an effective way for infants to learn about the world. Do pre-verbal and pre-pointing infants seek epistemic information from their social partners when motivated to obtain information they cannot discover independently? The present study investigated whether 12-month-olds (N = 30) selectively seek information from knowledgeable adults in situations of referential uncertainty. In a live experiment, infants were introduced to two unfamiliar adults, an Informant (reliably labeling objects) and a Non-Informant (equally socially engaging, but ignorant about object labels). At test, infants were asked to make an impossible choice—locate a novel referent among two novel objects. When facing epistemic uncertainty—but not at other phases of the procedure—infants selectively referred to the Informant rather than the Non-Informant. These results show that pre-verbal infants use social referencing to actively and selectively seek information from social partners as part of their interrogative communicative toolkit. A video abstract of this article can be viewed at https://youtu.be/23dLPsa-fAY.
2020
5
Bazhydai, M.; Westermann, G.; Parise, E.
“I don't know but I know who to ask”: 12-month-olds actively seek information from knowledgeable adults / Bazhydai, M.; Westermann, G.; Parise, E.. - In: DEVELOPMENTAL SCIENCE. - ISSN 1363-755X. - 23:5(2020), pp. e12938.1-e12938.10. [10.1111/desc.12938]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/311553
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