This work presents a new skeleton material for thermal energy storage (TES), a silicon nitride aerogel obtained through the pyrolysis of a pre-ceramic polymer. Silicon nitride offers a good combination of thermal conductivity, high-temperature resistance, and chemical inertness. The aerogel porosity can be spontaneously infiltrated with molten NaNO3, which is a typical phase change material (PCM) in high-temperature TES. The Si3N4/NaNO3 composite exhibits excellent thermal properties with a thermal energy storage efficiency of 82 %, a limited molten salt leakage, and good stability to thermal cycling. The aerogel withstands oxidation up to high temperature and is chemically inert even in contact with salts. This novel aerogel shows also a notable paraffin absorption ability (used in room temperature TES) with negligible leakage even when in contact with absorbent paper. The so-obtained composite reached ≈ 82.4 vol % of organic PCM and a thermal energy storage efficiency of ≈ 62 % compared to neat paraffin.

Polymer-derived silicon nitride aerogels as shape stabilizers for low and high-temperature thermal energy storage / Zambotti, A.; Caldesi, E.; Pellizzari, M.; Valentini, F.; Pegoretti, A.; Dorigato, A.; Speranza, G.; Chen, K.; Bortolotti, M.; Soraru, G. D.; Biesuz, M.. - In: JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN CERAMIC SOCIETY. - ISSN 0955-2219. - 41:11(2021), pp. 5484-5494. [10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2021.04.056]

Polymer-derived silicon nitride aerogels as shape stabilizers for low and high-temperature thermal energy storage

Zambotti A.;Caldesi E.;Pellizzari M.;Valentini F.;Pegoretti A.;Dorigato A.;Bortolotti M.;Soraru G. D.;Biesuz M.
2021-01-01

Abstract

This work presents a new skeleton material for thermal energy storage (TES), a silicon nitride aerogel obtained through the pyrolysis of a pre-ceramic polymer. Silicon nitride offers a good combination of thermal conductivity, high-temperature resistance, and chemical inertness. The aerogel porosity can be spontaneously infiltrated with molten NaNO3, which is a typical phase change material (PCM) in high-temperature TES. The Si3N4/NaNO3 composite exhibits excellent thermal properties with a thermal energy storage efficiency of 82 %, a limited molten salt leakage, and good stability to thermal cycling. The aerogel withstands oxidation up to high temperature and is chemically inert even in contact with salts. This novel aerogel shows also a notable paraffin absorption ability (used in room temperature TES) with negligible leakage even when in contact with absorbent paper. The so-obtained composite reached ≈ 82.4 vol % of organic PCM and a thermal energy storage efficiency of ≈ 62 % compared to neat paraffin.
2021
11
Zambotti, A.; Caldesi, E.; Pellizzari, M.; Valentini, F.; Pegoretti, A.; Dorigato, A.; Speranza, G.; Chen, K.; Bortolotti, M.; Soraru, G. D.; Biesuz, M.
Polymer-derived silicon nitride aerogels as shape stabilizers for low and high-temperature thermal energy storage / Zambotti, A.; Caldesi, E.; Pellizzari, M.; Valentini, F.; Pegoretti, A.; Dorigato, A.; Speranza, G.; Chen, K.; Bortolotti, M.; Soraru, G. D.; Biesuz, M.. - In: JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN CERAMIC SOCIETY. - ISSN 0955-2219. - 41:11(2021), pp. 5484-5494. [10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2021.04.056]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/308661
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