This study is focused on the 3D printing by fused filament fabrication (FFF) process of short carbon-fiber-reinforced polyamide (PA) composites. In particular, the effect of short carbon fiber (CF) on the mechanical, electrical and piezoresistivity properties of 3D-printed polyamide (PA) composite parts has been analyzed. In comparison with neat PA, the results revealed that the carbon fibers effectively improved all assessed mechanical properties of PA/CF composites. In particular, in XY build orientation, PA/CF 3D-printed composites exhibited a tensile strength of 96 MPa and a tensile modulus of 7.9 GPa, with an increment of + 34 and + 147%, respectively, when compared to the neat PA. Interlayer strength of 3D-printed PA and PA/CF composites reaches similar values, in the range 26-28 MPa. The impact strength of 3D-printed XY parts was reduced by the presence of CF. However, the fracture toughness of PA/CF composite 3D-printed parts was slightly higher in comparison with that of neat PA. Electrical resistivity of PA/CF 3D-printed parts is gradually decreasing from 1.7 × 104 to 0.7 × 104 Ω cm in the temperature range from − 16 to 100 °C. The piezoresistivity tests revealed that an exponential resistance change occurs for both compression-molded and 3D-printed PA/CF samples once strained in tension. A gauge factor of 3D-printed parts of about 65 ± 5 was determined from cyclic strains in the elastic region.

High-Performance Polyamide/Carbon Fiber Composites for Fused Filament Fabrication: Mechanical and Functional Performances / Dul, S.; Fambri, L.; Pegoretti, A.. - In: JOURNAL OF MATERIALS ENGINEERING AND PERFORMANCE. - ISSN 1059-9495. - ELETTRONICO. - 2021, 30:7(2021), pp. 5066-5085. [10.1007/s11665-021-05635-1]

High-Performance Polyamide/Carbon Fiber Composites for Fused Filament Fabrication: Mechanical and Functional Performances

Dul S.;Fambri L.;Pegoretti A.
2021

Abstract

This study is focused on the 3D printing by fused filament fabrication (FFF) process of short carbon-fiber-reinforced polyamide (PA) composites. In particular, the effect of short carbon fiber (CF) on the mechanical, electrical and piezoresistivity properties of 3D-printed polyamide (PA) composite parts has been analyzed. In comparison with neat PA, the results revealed that the carbon fibers effectively improved all assessed mechanical properties of PA/CF composites. In particular, in XY build orientation, PA/CF 3D-printed composites exhibited a tensile strength of 96 MPa and a tensile modulus of 7.9 GPa, with an increment of + 34 and + 147%, respectively, when compared to the neat PA. Interlayer strength of 3D-printed PA and PA/CF composites reaches similar values, in the range 26-28 MPa. The impact strength of 3D-printed XY parts was reduced by the presence of CF. However, the fracture toughness of PA/CF composite 3D-printed parts was slightly higher in comparison with that of neat PA. Electrical resistivity of PA/CF 3D-printed parts is gradually decreasing from 1.7 × 104 to 0.7 × 104 Ω cm in the temperature range from − 16 to 100 °C. The piezoresistivity tests revealed that an exponential resistance change occurs for both compression-molded and 3D-printed PA/CF samples once strained in tension. A gauge factor of 3D-printed parts of about 65 ± 5 was determined from cyclic strains in the elastic region.
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Dul, S.; Fambri, L.; Pegoretti, A.
High-Performance Polyamide/Carbon Fiber Composites for Fused Filament Fabrication: Mechanical and Functional Performances / Dul, S.; Fambri, L.; Pegoretti, A.. - In: JOURNAL OF MATERIALS ENGINEERING AND PERFORMANCE. - ISSN 1059-9495. - ELETTRONICO. - 2021, 30:7(2021), pp. 5066-5085. [10.1007/s11665-021-05635-1]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/305128
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