Introduction: Parkinson's Disease (PD) is characterized by motor and non-motor symptoms, among which deficits in social cognition might affect ~20% of patients. This study aims to evaluate the role of social cognitive abilities in the perceived impact of COVID-19 emergency, and the effects of lockdown measures on patients' social network and caregivers' burden. Methods: Fourteen PD patients performed a neuropsychological battery including sociocognitive tasks before the introduction of COVID-19 restrictive measures (i.e., social distancing and isolation). A structured interview through an online platform was performed in the last 2 weeks of the first lockdown phase to assess patients' health status, perception of COVID-19 emergency, changes in caregivers' burden, and patients' social isolation. Non-parametric analyses were performed to evaluate the association between social skills and patients' COVID-19 perception, as well as the effects of restrictive measures. Results: At baseline evaluation, half of the PD patients showed sociocognitive dysfunctions, mainly on mentalizing abilities. Patients with impaired social cognition skills showed a significantly lower concern on the possible effects of COVID-19 on their health. Caregiver burden and patients' social network remained stable during the lockdown. Conclusion: These preliminary results underline that PD sociocognitive dysfunctions might affect patients' abilities to estimate the effects of COVID-19 infection. However, the lack of a significant increase in caregivers' burden and social isolation suggests, in our sample, a good coping to COVID-19 emergency. Since COVID-19 pandemic can have direct and indirect severe consequences in patients with PD, the development of educational and preventive programs is recommended.

The Role of Social Cognition Abilities in Parkinson's Disease in the Era of COVID-19 Emergency / Dodich, A.; Papagno, C.; Turella, L.; Meli, C.; Zappini, F.; Narduzzi, P.; Gober, A.; Pierotti, E.; Falla, M.. - In: FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 1664-1078. - 12:(2021), p. 571991. [10.3389/fpsyg.2021.571991]

The Role of Social Cognition Abilities in Parkinson's Disease in the Era of COVID-19 Emergency

Dodich A.;Papagno C.;Turella L.;Meli C.;Zappini F.;Narduzzi P.;Pierotti E.;Falla M.
2021

Abstract

Introduction: Parkinson's Disease (PD) is characterized by motor and non-motor symptoms, among which deficits in social cognition might affect ~20% of patients. This study aims to evaluate the role of social cognitive abilities in the perceived impact of COVID-19 emergency, and the effects of lockdown measures on patients' social network and caregivers' burden. Methods: Fourteen PD patients performed a neuropsychological battery including sociocognitive tasks before the introduction of COVID-19 restrictive measures (i.e., social distancing and isolation). A structured interview through an online platform was performed in the last 2 weeks of the first lockdown phase to assess patients' health status, perception of COVID-19 emergency, changes in caregivers' burden, and patients' social isolation. Non-parametric analyses were performed to evaluate the association between social skills and patients' COVID-19 perception, as well as the effects of restrictive measures. Results: At baseline evaluation, half of the PD patients showed sociocognitive dysfunctions, mainly on mentalizing abilities. Patients with impaired social cognition skills showed a significantly lower concern on the possible effects of COVID-19 on their health. Caregiver burden and patients' social network remained stable during the lockdown. Conclusion: These preliminary results underline that PD sociocognitive dysfunctions might affect patients' abilities to estimate the effects of COVID-19 infection. However, the lack of a significant increase in caregivers' burden and social isolation suggests, in our sample, a good coping to COVID-19 emergency. Since COVID-19 pandemic can have direct and indirect severe consequences in patients with PD, the development of educational and preventive programs is recommended.
Dodich, A.; Papagno, C.; Turella, L.; Meli, C.; Zappini, F.; Narduzzi, P.; Gober, A.; Pierotti, E.; Falla, M.
The Role of Social Cognition Abilities in Parkinson's Disease in the Era of COVID-19 Emergency / Dodich, A.; Papagno, C.; Turella, L.; Meli, C.; Zappini, F.; Narduzzi, P.; Gober, A.; Pierotti, E.; Falla, M.. - In: FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 1664-1078. - 12:(2021), p. 571991. [10.3389/fpsyg.2021.571991]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/304630
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