Matrin3 (MATR3) is a nuclear RNA/DNA-binding protein that plays pleiotropic roles in gene expression regulation by directly stabilizing target RNAs and supporting the activity of transcription factors by modulating chromatin architecture. MATR3 is involved in the differentiation of neural cells, and, here, we elucidate its critical functions in regulating pluripotent circuits in human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs). MATR3 downregulation affects hiPSCs' differentiation potential by altering key pluripotency regulators' expression levels, including OCT4, NANOG, and LIN28A by pleiotropic mechanisms. MATR3 binds to the OCT4 and YTHDF1 promoters favoring their expression. YTHDF1, in turn, binds the m6A-modified OCT4 mRNA. Furthermore, MATR3 is recruited on ribosomes and controls pluripotency regulating the translation of specific transcripts, including NANOG and LIN28A, by direct binding and favoring their stabilization. These results show that MATR3 orchestrates the pluripotency circuitry by regulating the transcription, translational efficiency, and epitranscriptome of specific transcripts.

Multilayer and MATR3-dependent regulation of mRNAs maintains pluripotency in human induced pluripotent stem cells / Pollini, D.; Loffredo, R.; Maniscalco, F.; Cardano, M.; Micaelli, M.; Bonomo, I.; Licata, N. V.; Peroni, D.; Tomaszewska, W.; Rossi, A.; Crippa, V.; Dassi, E.; Viero, G.; Quattrone, A.; Poletti, A.; Conti, L.; Provenzani, A.. - In: ISCIENCE. - ISSN 2589-0042. - 24:3(2021), pp. 102197.1-102197.15. [10.1016/j.isci.2021.102197]

Multilayer and MATR3-dependent regulation of mRNAs maintains pluripotency in human induced pluripotent stem cells

Pollini D.;Loffredo R.;Maniscalco F.;Cardano M.;Micaelli M.;Bonomo I.;Licata N. V.;Peroni D.;Rossi A.;Dassi E.;Quattrone A.;Conti L.;Provenzani A.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Matrin3 (MATR3) is a nuclear RNA/DNA-binding protein that plays pleiotropic roles in gene expression regulation by directly stabilizing target RNAs and supporting the activity of transcription factors by modulating chromatin architecture. MATR3 is involved in the differentiation of neural cells, and, here, we elucidate its critical functions in regulating pluripotent circuits in human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs). MATR3 downregulation affects hiPSCs' differentiation potential by altering key pluripotency regulators' expression levels, including OCT4, NANOG, and LIN28A by pleiotropic mechanisms. MATR3 binds to the OCT4 and YTHDF1 promoters favoring their expression. YTHDF1, in turn, binds the m6A-modified OCT4 mRNA. Furthermore, MATR3 is recruited on ribosomes and controls pluripotency regulating the translation of specific transcripts, including NANOG and LIN28A, by direct binding and favoring their stabilization. These results show that MATR3 orchestrates the pluripotency circuitry by regulating the transcription, translational efficiency, and epitranscriptome of specific transcripts.
3
Pollini, D.; Loffredo, R.; Maniscalco, F.; Cardano, M.; Micaelli, M.; Bonomo, I.; Licata, N. V.; Peroni, D.; Tomaszewska, W.; Rossi, A.; Crippa, V.; Dassi, E.; Viero, G.; Quattrone, A.; Poletti, A.; Conti, L.; Provenzani, A.
Multilayer and MATR3-dependent regulation of mRNAs maintains pluripotency in human induced pluripotent stem cells / Pollini, D.; Loffredo, R.; Maniscalco, F.; Cardano, M.; Micaelli, M.; Bonomo, I.; Licata, N. V.; Peroni, D.; Tomaszewska, W.; Rossi, A.; Crippa, V.; Dassi, E.; Viero, G.; Quattrone, A.; Poletti, A.; Conti, L.; Provenzani, A.. - In: ISCIENCE. - ISSN 2589-0042. - 24:3(2021), pp. 102197.1-102197.15. [10.1016/j.isci.2021.102197]
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