Rare sugars are monosaccharides with a limited availability in the nature and almost unknown biological functions. The use of industrial enzymatic and microbial processes greatly reduced their production costs, making research on these molecules more accessible. Since then, the number of studies on their medical/clinical applications grew and rare sugars emerged as potential candidates to replace conventional sugars in human nutrition thanks to their beneficial health effects. More recently, the potential use of rare sugars in agriculture was also highlighted. However, overviews and critical evaluations on this topic are missing. This review aims to provide the current knowledge about the effects of rare sugars on the organisms of the farming ecosystem,with an emphasis on their mode of action and practical use as an innovative tool for sustainable agriculture. Some rare sugars can impact the plant growth and immune responses by affecting metabolic homeostasis and the hormonal signaling pathways. These properties could be used for the development of new herbicides, plant growth regulators and resistance inducers. Other rare sugars also showed antinutritional properties on some phytopathogens and biocidal activity against some plant pests, highlighting their promising potential for the development of new sustainable pesticides. Their low risk for human health also makes them safe and ecofriendly alternatives to agrochemicals.

Rare Sugars: Recent Advances and Their Potential Role in Sustainable Crop Protection / Mijailovic, Nikola; Nesler, Andrea; Perazzolli, Michele; Aït Barka, Essaid; Aziz, Zohaib. - In: MOLECULES. - ISSN 1420-3049. - 26:6(2021), pp. 172001-172021. [10.3390/molecules26061720]

Rare Sugars: Recent Advances and Their Potential Role in Sustainable Crop Protection

Perazzolli, Michele;Aziz, Aziz
2021

Abstract

Rare sugars are monosaccharides with a limited availability in the nature and almost unknown biological functions. The use of industrial enzymatic and microbial processes greatly reduced their production costs, making research on these molecules more accessible. Since then, the number of studies on their medical/clinical applications grew and rare sugars emerged as potential candidates to replace conventional sugars in human nutrition thanks to their beneficial health effects. More recently, the potential use of rare sugars in agriculture was also highlighted. However, overviews and critical evaluations on this topic are missing. This review aims to provide the current knowledge about the effects of rare sugars on the organisms of the farming ecosystem,with an emphasis on their mode of action and practical use as an innovative tool for sustainable agriculture. Some rare sugars can impact the plant growth and immune responses by affecting metabolic homeostasis and the hormonal signaling pathways. These properties could be used for the development of new herbicides, plant growth regulators and resistance inducers. Other rare sugars also showed antinutritional properties on some phytopathogens and biocidal activity against some plant pests, highlighting their promising potential for the development of new sustainable pesticides. Their low risk for human health also makes them safe and ecofriendly alternatives to agrochemicals.
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Mijailovic, Nikola; Nesler, Andrea; Perazzolli, Michele; Aït Barka, Essaid; Aziz, Zohaib
Rare Sugars: Recent Advances and Their Potential Role in Sustainable Crop Protection / Mijailovic, Nikola; Nesler, Andrea; Perazzolli, Michele; Aït Barka, Essaid; Aziz, Zohaib. - In: MOLECULES. - ISSN 1420-3049. - 26:6(2021), pp. 172001-172021. [10.3390/molecules26061720]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/298282
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