Various amounts of both devulcanized (DR) and non-devulcanized (NDR) recycled rubber were melt compounded with a virgin ethylene-propylene diene monomer (EPDM) rubber. The resulting compounds were then expanded by using azodicarbonamide. The role played by the presence of DR or NDR on the thermomechanical properties of the obtained materials was evaluated. Electron scanning microscope micrographs highlighted that DR particles were better encapsulated within the EPDM matrix with respect to the corresponding NDR ones. Moreover, a better interfacial adhesion was observed with DR, probably due the re-vulcanization process in which the free crosslinking sites that typically characterize DR could form linkages with the EPDM matrix. Tensile impact behavior of expanded EPDM/recycled rubber blends highlighted a strong improvement of the normalized total absorbed energy, of the normalized impact strength and of the elongation at break with respect to the neat expanded EPDM for all the investigated compositions, and especially with a DR content of 20 wt%. The preparation of expanded EPDM containing considerable amounts of devulcanized rubber was, therefore, demonstrated to be a practical route to reduce the costs and improve the properties and the environmental sustainability of rubber products.

Evaluation of the role of devulcanized rubber on the thermomechanical properties of expanded ethylene-propylene diene monomers composites / Valentini, Francesco; Dorigato, Andrea; Rigotti, Daniele; Pegoretti, Alessandro. - In: POLYMER ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE. - ISSN 0032-3888. - STAMPA. - 61:3(2021), pp. 767-779. [10.1002/pen.25615]

Evaluation of the role of devulcanized rubber on the thermomechanical properties of expanded ethylene-propylene diene monomers composites

Valentini, Francesco;Dorigato, Andrea;Rigotti, Daniele;Pegoretti, Alessandro
2021-01-01

Abstract

Various amounts of both devulcanized (DR) and non-devulcanized (NDR) recycled rubber were melt compounded with a virgin ethylene-propylene diene monomer (EPDM) rubber. The resulting compounds were then expanded by using azodicarbonamide. The role played by the presence of DR or NDR on the thermomechanical properties of the obtained materials was evaluated. Electron scanning microscope micrographs highlighted that DR particles were better encapsulated within the EPDM matrix with respect to the corresponding NDR ones. Moreover, a better interfacial adhesion was observed with DR, probably due the re-vulcanization process in which the free crosslinking sites that typically characterize DR could form linkages with the EPDM matrix. Tensile impact behavior of expanded EPDM/recycled rubber blends highlighted a strong improvement of the normalized total absorbed energy, of the normalized impact strength and of the elongation at break with respect to the neat expanded EPDM for all the investigated compositions, and especially with a DR content of 20 wt%. The preparation of expanded EPDM containing considerable amounts of devulcanized rubber was, therefore, demonstrated to be a practical route to reduce the costs and improve the properties and the environmental sustainability of rubber products.
2021
3
Valentini, Francesco; Dorigato, Andrea; Rigotti, Daniele; Pegoretti, Alessandro
Evaluation of the role of devulcanized rubber on the thermomechanical properties of expanded ethylene-propylene diene monomers composites / Valentini, Francesco; Dorigato, Andrea; Rigotti, Daniele; Pegoretti, Alessandro. - In: POLYMER ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE. - ISSN 0032-3888. - STAMPA. - 61:3(2021), pp. 767-779. [10.1002/pen.25615]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/295411
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