Parkinson's disease is a common neurodegenerative disorder and is clinically characterized by bradykinesia, rigidity, and resting tremor. Missense mutations in the leucine-rich repeat protein kinase-2 gene (LRRK2) are a recognized cause of inherited Parkinson's disease. The physiological and pathological impact of LRRK2 is still obscure, but accumulating evidence indicates that LRRK2 orchestrates diverse aspects of membrane trafficking, such as membrane fusion and vesicle formation and transport along actin and tubulin tracks. In the present review, we focus on the special relation between LRRK2 and synaptic vesicles. LRRK2 binds and phosphorylates key actors within the synaptic vesicle cycle. Accordingly, alterations in dopamine and glutamate transmission have been described upon LRRK2 manipulations. However, the different modelling strategies and phenotypes observed require a critical approach to decipher the outcome of LRRK2 at the presynaptic site.

LRRK2 at the presynaptic site: a 16-years perspective / Pischedda, Francesca; Piccoli, Giovanni. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0022-3042. - 157:2(2020), pp. 297-311. [10.1111/jnc.15240]

LRRK2 at the presynaptic site: a 16-years perspective

Pischedda, Francesca;Piccoli, Giovanni
2020

Abstract

Parkinson's disease is a common neurodegenerative disorder and is clinically characterized by bradykinesia, rigidity, and resting tremor. Missense mutations in the leucine-rich repeat protein kinase-2 gene (LRRK2) are a recognized cause of inherited Parkinson's disease. The physiological and pathological impact of LRRK2 is still obscure, but accumulating evidence indicates that LRRK2 orchestrates diverse aspects of membrane trafficking, such as membrane fusion and vesicle formation and transport along actin and tubulin tracks. In the present review, we focus on the special relation between LRRK2 and synaptic vesicles. LRRK2 binds and phosphorylates key actors within the synaptic vesicle cycle. Accordingly, alterations in dopamine and glutamate transmission have been described upon LRRK2 manipulations. However, the different modelling strategies and phenotypes observed require a critical approach to decipher the outcome of LRRK2 at the presynaptic site.
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Pischedda, Francesca; Piccoli, Giovanni
LRRK2 at the presynaptic site: a 16-years perspective / Pischedda, Francesca; Piccoli, Giovanni. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0022-3042. - 157:2(2020), pp. 297-311. [10.1111/jnc.15240]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/291233
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