Sickle cell disease (SCD) is caused by a single amino acid change in the adult hemoglobin (Hb) β chain that causes Hb polymerization and red blood cell (RBC) sickling. The co-inheritance of mutations causing fetal γ-globin production in adult life hereditary persistence of fetal Hb (HPFH) reduces the clinical severity of SCD. HPFH mutations in the HBG γ-globin promoters disrupt binding sites for the repressors BCL11A and LRF. We used CRISPR-Cas9 to mimic HPFH mutations in the HBG promoters by generating insertions and deletions, leading to disruption of known and putative repressor binding sites. Editing of the LRF-binding site in patient-derived hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) resulted in γ-globin derepression and correction of the sickling phenotype. Xenotransplantation of HSPCs treated with gRNAs targeting the LRF-binding site showed a high editing efficiency in repopulating HSPCs. This study identifies the LRF-binding site as a potent target for genome-editing treatment of SCD.

Editing a γ-globin repressor binding site restores fetal hemoglobin synthesis and corrects the sickle cell disease phenotype / Weber, L.; Frati, G.; Felix, T.; Hardouin, G.; Casini, A.; Wollenschlaeger, C.; Meneghini, V.; Masson, C.; de Cian, A.; Chalumeau, A.; Mavilio, F.; Amendola, M.; Andre-Schmutz, I.; Cereseto, A.; El Nemer, W.; Concordet, J. -P.; Giovannangeli, C.; Cavazzana, M.; Miccio, A.. - In: SCIENCE ADVANCES. - ISSN 2375-2548. - 6:7(2020), p. eaay9392. [10.1126/sciadv.aay9392]

Editing a γ-globin repressor binding site restores fetal hemoglobin synthesis and corrects the sickle cell disease phenotype

Weber L.;Casini A.;Amendola M.;Cereseto A.;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is caused by a single amino acid change in the adult hemoglobin (Hb) β chain that causes Hb polymerization and red blood cell (RBC) sickling. The co-inheritance of mutations causing fetal γ-globin production in adult life hereditary persistence of fetal Hb (HPFH) reduces the clinical severity of SCD. HPFH mutations in the HBG γ-globin promoters disrupt binding sites for the repressors BCL11A and LRF. We used CRISPR-Cas9 to mimic HPFH mutations in the HBG promoters by generating insertions and deletions, leading to disruption of known and putative repressor binding sites. Editing of the LRF-binding site in patient-derived hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) resulted in γ-globin derepression and correction of the sickling phenotype. Xenotransplantation of HSPCs treated with gRNAs targeting the LRF-binding site showed a high editing efficiency in repopulating HSPCs. This study identifies the LRF-binding site as a potent target for genome-editing treatment of SCD.
2020
7
Weber, L.; Frati, G.; Felix, T.; Hardouin, G.; Casini, A.; Wollenschlaeger, C.; Meneghini, V.; Masson, C.; de Cian, A.; Chalumeau, A.; Mavilio, F.; Amendola, M.; Andre-Schmutz, I.; Cereseto, A.; El Nemer, W.; Concordet, J. -P.; Giovannangeli, C.; Cavazzana, M.; Miccio, A.
Editing a γ-globin repressor binding site restores fetal hemoglobin synthesis and corrects the sickle cell disease phenotype / Weber, L.; Frati, G.; Felix, T.; Hardouin, G.; Casini, A.; Wollenschlaeger, C.; Meneghini, V.; Masson, C.; de Cian, A.; Chalumeau, A.; Mavilio, F.; Amendola, M.; Andre-Schmutz, I.; Cereseto, A.; El Nemer, W.; Concordet, J. -P.; Giovannangeli, C.; Cavazzana, M.; Miccio, A.. - In: SCIENCE ADVANCES. - ISSN 2375-2548. - 6:7(2020), p. eaay9392. [10.1126/sciadv.aay9392]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/287761
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