Is vision necessary for the development of the categorical organization of the Ventral Occipito-Temporal Cortex (VOTC)? We used fMRI to characterize VOTC responses to eight categories presented acoustically in sighted and early blind individuals, and visually in a separate sighted group. We observed that VOTC reliably encodes sound categories in sighted and blind people using a representational structure and connectivity partially similar to the one found in vision. Sound categories were, however, more reliably encoded in the blind than the sighted group, using a representational format closer to the one found in vision. Crucially, VOTC in blind represents the categorical membership of sounds rather than their acoustic features. Our results suggest that sounds trigger categorical responses in the VOTC of congenitally blind and sighted people that partially match the topography and functional profile of the visual response, despite qualitative nuances in the categorical organization of VOTC between modalities and groups.

Categorical representation from sound and sight in the ventral occipito-temporal cortex of sighted and blind / Mattioni, S.; Rezk, M.; Battal, C.; Bottini, R.; Mendoza, K. E. C.; Oosterhof, N. N.; Collignon, O.. - In: ELIFE. - ISSN 2050-084X. - ELETTRONICO. - 9:(2020). [10.7554/eLife.50732]

Categorical representation from sound and sight in the ventral occipito-temporal cortex of sighted and blind

Mattioni S.;Rezk M.;Battal C.;Bottini R.;Oosterhof N. N.;Collignon O.
2020

Abstract

Is vision necessary for the development of the categorical organization of the Ventral Occipito-Temporal Cortex (VOTC)? We used fMRI to characterize VOTC responses to eight categories presented acoustically in sighted and early blind individuals, and visually in a separate sighted group. We observed that VOTC reliably encodes sound categories in sighted and blind people using a representational structure and connectivity partially similar to the one found in vision. Sound categories were, however, more reliably encoded in the blind than the sighted group, using a representational format closer to the one found in vision. Crucially, VOTC in blind represents the categorical membership of sounds rather than their acoustic features. Our results suggest that sounds trigger categorical responses in the VOTC of congenitally blind and sighted people that partially match the topography and functional profile of the visual response, despite qualitative nuances in the categorical organization of VOTC between modalities and groups.
Mattioni, S.; Rezk, M.; Battal, C.; Bottini, R.; Mendoza, K. E. C.; Oosterhof, N. N.; Collignon, O.
Categorical representation from sound and sight in the ventral occipito-temporal cortex of sighted and blind / Mattioni, S.; Rezk, M.; Battal, C.; Bottini, R.; Mendoza, K. E. C.; Oosterhof, N. N.; Collignon, O.. - In: ELIFE. - ISSN 2050-084X. - ELETTRONICO. - 9:(2020). [10.7554/eLife.50732]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11572/287599
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