This work aims to study the synergistic effect of aluminum/magnesium hydroxide microfillers and organomodified fumed silica nanoparticles as flame retardants (FRs) for linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE), and to select the best composition to produce a fire-resistant polyethylene-based single-polymer composite. The fillers were added to LLDPE at different concentrations, and the prepared composites were characterized to investigate the individual and combined effects of the fillers on the thermo-oxidation resistance and the fire performance, as well as the microstructural, physical, thermal and mechanical properties. Both filler types were homogeneously distributed in the matrix, with the formation of a network of silica nanoparticles at elevated loadings. Melt flow index (MFI) tests revealed that the fluidity of the material was not considerably impaired upon metal hydroxide introduction, while a heavy reduction of the MFI was detected for silica contents higher than 5 wt%. FRs introduction promoted a noticeable enhancement of the thermo-oxidative stability of the materials, as shown by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and onset oxidation temperature (OOT) tests, and superior thermal properties were measured on the samples combining micro- and nanofillers, thus evidencing synergistic effects. Tensile tests showed that the stiffening effect due to a high content of metal hydroxide microparticles was accompanied by a decrease in the strain at break, but nanosilica at low concentration contributed to preserve the ultimate mechanical properties of the neat polymer. The fire performance of the samples with optimized compositions, evaluated through limiting oxygen index (LOI) and cone calorimetry tests, was strongly enhanced with respect to that of the neat LLDPE, and also these tests highlighted the synergistic effect between micro- and nanofillers, as well as an interesting correlation between fire parameters and viscosity.

Synergistic effects of metal hydroxides and fumed nanosilica as fire retardants for polyethylene / Fredi, Giulia; Dorigato, Andrea; Fambri, Luca; Lopez-Cuesta, José-Marie; Pegoretti, Alessandro. - In: FLAME RETARDANCY AND THERMAL STABILITY OF MATERIALS. - ISSN 2391-5404. - 2:1(2019), pp. 30-48. [10.1515/flret-2019-0004]

Synergistic effects of metal hydroxides and fumed nanosilica as fire retardants for polyethylene

Fredi, Giulia;Dorigato, Andrea;Fambri, Luca;Lopez-Cuesta, José-Marie;Pegoretti, Alessandro
2019

Abstract

This work aims to study the synergistic effect of aluminum/magnesium hydroxide microfillers and organomodified fumed silica nanoparticles as flame retardants (FRs) for linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE), and to select the best composition to produce a fire-resistant polyethylene-based single-polymer composite. The fillers were added to LLDPE at different concentrations, and the prepared composites were characterized to investigate the individual and combined effects of the fillers on the thermo-oxidation resistance and the fire performance, as well as the microstructural, physical, thermal and mechanical properties. Both filler types were homogeneously distributed in the matrix, with the formation of a network of silica nanoparticles at elevated loadings. Melt flow index (MFI) tests revealed that the fluidity of the material was not considerably impaired upon metal hydroxide introduction, while a heavy reduction of the MFI was detected for silica contents higher than 5 wt%. FRs introduction promoted a noticeable enhancement of the thermo-oxidative stability of the materials, as shown by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and onset oxidation temperature (OOT) tests, and superior thermal properties were measured on the samples combining micro- and nanofillers, thus evidencing synergistic effects. Tensile tests showed that the stiffening effect due to a high content of metal hydroxide microparticles was accompanied by a decrease in the strain at break, but nanosilica at low concentration contributed to preserve the ultimate mechanical properties of the neat polymer. The fire performance of the samples with optimized compositions, evaluated through limiting oxygen index (LOI) and cone calorimetry tests, was strongly enhanced with respect to that of the neat LLDPE, and also these tests highlighted the synergistic effect between micro- and nanofillers, as well as an interesting correlation between fire parameters and viscosity.
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Fredi, Giulia; Dorigato, Andrea; Fambri, Luca; Lopez-Cuesta, José-Marie; Pegoretti, Alessandro
Synergistic effects of metal hydroxides and fumed nanosilica as fire retardants for polyethylene / Fredi, Giulia; Dorigato, Andrea; Fambri, Luca; Lopez-Cuesta, José-Marie; Pegoretti, Alessandro. - In: FLAME RETARDANCY AND THERMAL STABILITY OF MATERIALS. - ISSN 2391-5404. - 2:1(2019), pp. 30-48. [10.1515/flret-2019-0004]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/280010
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