Purpose: Awake surgery is an established technique for resection of low-grade gliomas, while its possible benefit for resection of high-grade gliomas (HGGs) needs further confirmations. This retrospective study aims to compare overall survival, extent of resection (EOR) and cognitive outcome in two groups of HGGs patients submitted to asleep or awake surgery. Methods: Thirty-three patients submitted to Gross Total Resection of contrast-enhancing area of HGGs were divided in two homogeneous groups: awake (AWg; N = 16) and asleep surgery (ASg; N = 17). All patients underwent to an extensive neuropsychological assessment before surgery (time_1), 1-week (time_2) and 4-months (time_3) after surgery. We performed analyses to assess differences in cognitive performances between groups, cognitive outcomes in each group and EOR. A comparison of overall survival (OS) between the two groups was conducted. Results: Statistical analyses showed no differences between groups at time_2 and time_3 in each cognitive domain, excluding selective attention that resulted higher in the AWg before surgery. Regarding cognitive outcomes, we found a reversible worsening of memory and constructional praxis, and a significant recovery at time_3, similar for both groups. Assessment of time_3 in respect to time_1 never showed differences (all ps >.074). Moreover we found a significant lower level of tumor infiltration after surgery for AWg (p <.05), with an influence on OS (p <.05). Indeed, patients of AWg showed a significant longer OS in comparison to those in the ASg (p <.01). This result was confirmed even considering only wildtype Glioblastoma (p <.05). Conclusion: These results indicate that awake surgery, and in general a supra-total resection of enhancing area, can improve OS in HGGs patients, preserving neuro-cognitive profile and quality of life.

Effects of supra-total resection in neurocognitive and oncological outcome of high-grade gliomas comparing asleep and awake surgery / Zigiotto, L.; Annicchiarico, L.; Corsini, F.; Vitali, L.; Falchi, R.; Dalpiaz, C.; Rozzanigo, U.; Barbareschi, M.; Avesani, P.; Papagno, C.; Duffau, H.; Chioffi, F.; Sarubbo, S.. - In: JOURNAL OF NEURO-ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 0167-594X. - 148:1(2020), pp. 97-108. [10.1007/s11060-020-03494-9]

Effects of supra-total resection in neurocognitive and oncological outcome of high-grade gliomas comparing asleep and awake surgery

Zigiotto L.;Barbareschi M.;Papagno C.;Sarubbo S.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: Awake surgery is an established technique for resection of low-grade gliomas, while its possible benefit for resection of high-grade gliomas (HGGs) needs further confirmations. This retrospective study aims to compare overall survival, extent of resection (EOR) and cognitive outcome in two groups of HGGs patients submitted to asleep or awake surgery. Methods: Thirty-three patients submitted to Gross Total Resection of contrast-enhancing area of HGGs were divided in two homogeneous groups: awake (AWg; N = 16) and asleep surgery (ASg; N = 17). All patients underwent to an extensive neuropsychological assessment before surgery (time_1), 1-week (time_2) and 4-months (time_3) after surgery. We performed analyses to assess differences in cognitive performances between groups, cognitive outcomes in each group and EOR. A comparison of overall survival (OS) between the two groups was conducted. Results: Statistical analyses showed no differences between groups at time_2 and time_3 in each cognitive domain, excluding selective attention that resulted higher in the AWg before surgery. Regarding cognitive outcomes, we found a reversible worsening of memory and constructional praxis, and a significant recovery at time_3, similar for both groups. Assessment of time_3 in respect to time_1 never showed differences (all ps >.074). Moreover we found a significant lower level of tumor infiltration after surgery for AWg (p <.05), with an influence on OS (p <.05). Indeed, patients of AWg showed a significant longer OS in comparison to those in the ASg (p <.01). This result was confirmed even considering only wildtype Glioblastoma (p <.05). Conclusion: These results indicate that awake surgery, and in general a supra-total resection of enhancing area, can improve OS in HGGs patients, preserving neuro-cognitive profile and quality of life.
2020
1
Zigiotto, L.; Annicchiarico, L.; Corsini, F.; Vitali, L.; Falchi, R.; Dalpiaz, C.; Rozzanigo, U.; Barbareschi, M.; Avesani, P.; Papagno, C.; Duffau, H.; Chioffi, F.; Sarubbo, S.
Effects of supra-total resection in neurocognitive and oncological outcome of high-grade gliomas comparing asleep and awake surgery / Zigiotto, L.; Annicchiarico, L.; Corsini, F.; Vitali, L.; Falchi, R.; Dalpiaz, C.; Rozzanigo, U.; Barbareschi, M.; Avesani, P.; Papagno, C.; Duffau, H.; Chioffi, F.; Sarubbo, S.. - In: JOURNAL OF NEURO-ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 0167-594X. - 148:1(2020), pp. 97-108. [10.1007/s11060-020-03494-9]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/273053
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 42
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 38
social impact