The Negr1 gene has been significantly associated with major depression in genetic studies. Negr1 encodes for a cell adhesion molecule cleaved by the protease Adam10, thus activating Fgfr2 and promoting neuronal spine plasticity. We investigated whether antidepressants modulate the expression of genes belonging to Negr1-Fgfr2 pathway in Flinders sensitive line (FSL) rats, in a corticosterone-treated mouse model of depression, and in mouse primary neurons. Negr1 and Adam10 were the genes mostly affected by antidepressant treatment, and in opposite directions. Negr1 was down-regulated by escitalopram in the hypothalamus of FSL rats, by fluoxetine in the hippocampal dentate gyrus of corticosterone-treated mice, and by nortriptyline in hippocampal primary neurons. Adam10 mRNA was increased by nortriptyline administration in the hypothalamus, by escitalopram in the hippocampus of FSL rats, and by fluoxetine in mouse dorsal dentate gyrus. Similarly, nortriptyline increased Adam10 expression in hippocampal cultures. Fgfr2 expression was increased by nortriptyline in the hypothalamus of FSL rats and in hippocampal neurons. Lsamp, another IgLON family protein, increased in mouse dentate gyrus after fluoxetine treatment. These findings suggest that Negr1-Fgfr2 pathway plays a role in the modulation of synaptic plasticity induced by antidepressant treatment to promote therapeutic efficacy by rearranging connectivity in corticolimbic circuits impaired in depression.

Depression-Associated Gene Negr1-Fgfr2 Pathway Is Altered by Antidepressant Treatment / Carboni, Lucia; Pischedda, Francesca; Piccoli, Giovanni; Lauria, Mario; Musazzi, Laura; Popoli, Maurizio; Mathé, Aleksander A; Domenici, Enrico. - In: CELLS. - ISSN 2073-4409. - 9:8(2020), pp. 181801-181818. [10.3390/cells9081818]

Depression-Associated Gene Negr1-Fgfr2 Pathway Is Altered by Antidepressant Treatment

Pischedda, Francesca;Piccoli, Giovanni;Lauria, Mario;Domenici, Enrico
2020

Abstract

The Negr1 gene has been significantly associated with major depression in genetic studies. Negr1 encodes for a cell adhesion molecule cleaved by the protease Adam10, thus activating Fgfr2 and promoting neuronal spine plasticity. We investigated whether antidepressants modulate the expression of genes belonging to Negr1-Fgfr2 pathway in Flinders sensitive line (FSL) rats, in a corticosterone-treated mouse model of depression, and in mouse primary neurons. Negr1 and Adam10 were the genes mostly affected by antidepressant treatment, and in opposite directions. Negr1 was down-regulated by escitalopram in the hypothalamus of FSL rats, by fluoxetine in the hippocampal dentate gyrus of corticosterone-treated mice, and by nortriptyline in hippocampal primary neurons. Adam10 mRNA was increased by nortriptyline administration in the hypothalamus, by escitalopram in the hippocampus of FSL rats, and by fluoxetine in mouse dorsal dentate gyrus. Similarly, nortriptyline increased Adam10 expression in hippocampal cultures. Fgfr2 expression was increased by nortriptyline in the hypothalamus of FSL rats and in hippocampal neurons. Lsamp, another IgLON family protein, increased in mouse dentate gyrus after fluoxetine treatment. These findings suggest that Negr1-Fgfr2 pathway plays a role in the modulation of synaptic plasticity induced by antidepressant treatment to promote therapeutic efficacy by rearranging connectivity in corticolimbic circuits impaired in depression.
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Carboni, Lucia; Pischedda, Francesca; Piccoli, Giovanni; Lauria, Mario; Musazzi, Laura; Popoli, Maurizio; Mathé, Aleksander A; Domenici, Enrico
Depression-Associated Gene Negr1-Fgfr2 Pathway Is Altered by Antidepressant Treatment / Carboni, Lucia; Pischedda, Francesca; Piccoli, Giovanni; Lauria, Mario; Musazzi, Laura; Popoli, Maurizio; Mathé, Aleksander A; Domenici, Enrico. - In: CELLS. - ISSN 2073-4409. - 9:8(2020), pp. 181801-181818. [10.3390/cells9081818]
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