The biogenesis of ribosomes is a finely regulated multistep process linked to cell proliferation and growth—processes which require a high rate of protein synthesis. One of the master regulators of ribosome biogenesis is Myc, a well-known proto-oncogene that has an important role in ribosomal function and in the regulation of protein synthesis. The relationship between Myc and the ribosomes was first highlighted in Drosophila, where Myc’s role in controlling Pol-I, II and III was evidenced by both microarrays data, and by the ability of Myc to control growth (mass), and cellular and animal size. Moreover, Myc can induce cell competition, a physiological mechanism through which cells with greater fitness grow better and thereby prevail over less competitive cells, which are actively eliminated by apoptosis. Myc-induced cell competition was shown to regulate both vertebrate development and tumor promotion; however, how these functions are linked to Myc’s control of ribosome biogenesis, protein synthesis and growth is not clear yet. In this review, we will discuss the major pathways that link Myc to ribosomal biogenesis, also in light of its function in cell competition, and how these mechanisms may reflect its role in favoring tumor promotion.

Myc as a regulator of ribosome biogenesis and cell competition: A link to cancer / Destefanis, F.; Manara, V.; Bellosta, P.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1661-6596. - 21:11(2020), pp. 403701-403719. [10.3390/ijms21114037]

Myc as a regulator of ribosome biogenesis and cell competition: A link to cancer

Destefanis F.;Bellosta P.
2020-01-01

Abstract

The biogenesis of ribosomes is a finely regulated multistep process linked to cell proliferation and growth—processes which require a high rate of protein synthesis. One of the master regulators of ribosome biogenesis is Myc, a well-known proto-oncogene that has an important role in ribosomal function and in the regulation of protein synthesis. The relationship between Myc and the ribosomes was first highlighted in Drosophila, where Myc’s role in controlling Pol-I, II and III was evidenced by both microarrays data, and by the ability of Myc to control growth (mass), and cellular and animal size. Moreover, Myc can induce cell competition, a physiological mechanism through which cells with greater fitness grow better and thereby prevail over less competitive cells, which are actively eliminated by apoptosis. Myc-induced cell competition was shown to regulate both vertebrate development and tumor promotion; however, how these functions are linked to Myc’s control of ribosome biogenesis, protein synthesis and growth is not clear yet. In this review, we will discuss the major pathways that link Myc to ribosomal biogenesis, also in light of its function in cell competition, and how these mechanisms may reflect its role in favoring tumor promotion.
2020
11
Destefanis, F.; Manara, V.; Bellosta, P.
Myc as a regulator of ribosome biogenesis and cell competition: A link to cancer / Destefanis, F.; Manara, V.; Bellosta, P.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1661-6596. - 21:11(2020), pp. 403701-403719. [10.3390/ijms21114037]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/272604
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