How semantic representations are manifest over the brain remains a topic of active debate. A semantic representation may be determined by specific semantic features (e.g. sensorimotor information), or may abstract away from specific features and represent generalized semantic characteristics (general semantic representation). Here we tested whether nodes of the semantic system code for a general semantic representation and/or possess representational spaces linked to particular semantic features. In an fMRI study, eighteen participants performed a typicality judgment task with written words drawn from sixteen different categories. Multivariate pattern analysis (MVPA) and representational similarity analysis (RSA) were adopted to investigate the sensitivity of the brain regions to semantic content and the type of semantic representation coded (general or feature-based). We replicated previous findings of sensitivity to general semantic similarity in posterior middle/inferior temporal gyrus (pMTG/ITG) and precuneus (PC) and additionally observed general semantic representations in ventromedial prefrontal cortex (PFC). Finally, two brain regions of the semantic network were sensitive to semantic features: the left pMTG/ITG was sensitive to haptic perception and the left ventral temporal cortex (VTC) to size. This finding supports the involvement of both general semantic representation and feature-based representations in the brain’s semantic system.

General and feature-based semantic representations in the semantic network / Liuzzi, Antonietta Gabriella; Aglinskas, Aidas; Fairhall, Scott Laurence. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 10:1(2020), p. 8931. [10.1038/s41598-020-65906-0]

General and feature-based semantic representations in the semantic network

Liuzzi, Antonietta Gabriella;Aglinskas, Aidas;Fairhall, Scott Laurence
2020-01-01

Abstract

How semantic representations are manifest over the brain remains a topic of active debate. A semantic representation may be determined by specific semantic features (e.g. sensorimotor information), or may abstract away from specific features and represent generalized semantic characteristics (general semantic representation). Here we tested whether nodes of the semantic system code for a general semantic representation and/or possess representational spaces linked to particular semantic features. In an fMRI study, eighteen participants performed a typicality judgment task with written words drawn from sixteen different categories. Multivariate pattern analysis (MVPA) and representational similarity analysis (RSA) were adopted to investigate the sensitivity of the brain regions to semantic content and the type of semantic representation coded (general or feature-based). We replicated previous findings of sensitivity to general semantic similarity in posterior middle/inferior temporal gyrus (pMTG/ITG) and precuneus (PC) and additionally observed general semantic representations in ventromedial prefrontal cortex (PFC). Finally, two brain regions of the semantic network were sensitive to semantic features: the left pMTG/ITG was sensitive to haptic perception and the left ventral temporal cortex (VTC) to size. This finding supports the involvement of both general semantic representation and feature-based representations in the brain’s semantic system.
2020
1
Liuzzi, Antonietta Gabriella; Aglinskas, Aidas; Fairhall, Scott Laurence
General and feature-based semantic representations in the semantic network / Liuzzi, Antonietta Gabriella; Aglinskas, Aidas; Fairhall, Scott Laurence. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 10:1(2020), p. 8931. [10.1038/s41598-020-65906-0]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11572/272466
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